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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1949. The Far East: China

Increasing difficulties of the Consulate at Darien due to actions of Soviet and Chinese Communist authorities; closure of the Consulate,   pp. 860-932 PDF (26.0 MB)

Page 932

ginning year, 2 Chinese staff members arrested; we had to abandon
third when Consulate closed. Soviet official in charge Dairen, Chief
of Civil Administration, altogether received me five times and never
answered written communications of Consulate.
   Repeated story of Gleysteen detention incommunicado by Soviet
Kommandatura in April on trumped-up charge of signalling with
jeep lights to sea. Two weeks later we both arrested by Soviet officers.
   Due above restrictions, Consulate officers effectively isolated to
small triangle of several square miles from Consulate office-resident-
main shipping area.
  Newsman asked since all functions curtailed if Consulate remained
Dairen only for observation. Replied that Consulate like hardware
store where one can go to get all sort of things; however, restrictions
on Consulate became more constant and embarrassing comparatively
   (2) Sino-Soviet relations in Kwantung summarized most briefly.
I said Soviets in military occupation in complete control for practical
purposes but that Port Arthur-Dairen Executive Administration han-
dled matters affecting Chinese. Executive Administration only re-
cently admitted connection with Chinese Communist Party govern-
ment in China; but Communists who control it said publicly on April
13 subordinate to Northeast Bureau in Mukden. They also described
Port Arthur-Dairen as "liberated area".
  Questioned on attitude on Chinese Communists in Dairen on Soviets.
Answered that I could [not?] reply specifically but that according
local press Han Kuang, Chairman of Executive Administration, was
native lleilungkiang and studied in Moscow during war.
  Questioned whether Dairen connection with Soviet recognition of
Peiping regime. Replied there no way to answer such questions be-
cause we had no communication with China or even Manchuria.
   (3) Survey of Kwantung economy identical to Seoul press confer-
ence on same subject, reported in telegram from Seoul October 25
[24]. [Paddock.]
125.351/10-2649: Circular telegram
The Secretary of State to Certain Diplomatic and Consular Offices
                             in China
                             WASHINGTON, October 26, 1949-5 p. m.
  Consulate Dairen closed Oct 21. All Amer personnel departed.

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