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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1948. The Western Hemisphere

Argentina,   pp. 279-328 PDF (19.0 MB)

Page 281

gram is put into effect, we'should not permit large amounts of dollar
exchange to be paid Argentina unless the latter adopts a reasonable
policy with regard to the price of wheat and takes certain measures
which would substantially improve our relations.
   We should stress inter-American unity and avoid unilateral condem-
 nation of Argentina.
   In all inter-American conferences and meetings we should empha-
 size freedom of the press, free enterprise and free elections.
   We would waste our time preaching principles to the Peron Ad-
 ministration. We should make that Administration see that certain
 advantages will accrue to Argentina under given conditions.
   A U.S. policy toward Argentina as herein outlined will probably
 bring "squawks" from Brazil, Uruguay and possibly other countries.
 We should assure these countries that they have our friendship and
 support "and they will have to be content with that."
 The Counselor of EKmbassy in Argentina (Ray) to the Ambassador in
                         Uruguay (Briggs)1
 CONFIDENTIAL                     BUENOS AES, February 20, 1948.
   DEAR ELLIS: Ambassador Bruce tells me that he discussed with you
 briefly the Uruguayan reaction to President Per6n's recent references
 to a "third position" and Uruguayan preoccupations regarding this
 speech, and also regarding the expected meeting between the Presi-
 dents of Argentina land Uruguay.
   Per6n has made many references from time to time to Argentina's
 "third position". We have reported on this so often and so fully
 the Department that we merely sent the text of his most recent state-
 ments to the Department without any attempt to analyze it further.
 ITe have on a number of occasions asked Bramuglia 2 and Per6n what
 they meant by "third position" and why they considered it necessary
 to make frequent references to such a position since these statements
 usually created a bad impression in the other American coun-
 tries. They usuailly shrugged their shoulders and remarked that state-
 ments of such a character were a bit of political demagoguery for
 home consumption. Per6n has explained that he does have a "third
 position" in an economic sense: he does not believe 'in a Communist
 or Socialist state or in any form of totalitarian economy. He thinks
 the Conmunists and Socialists go much too far but that the purely
 'Copy transmitted to the Department by the Ambassador in Argentina (Brucee)
in, his desplatch 145, February 20, not printed.
  2 Juan Atlijo Bramuglia, Minister for Foreign Affairs and Worship.

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