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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1948. The Near East, South Asia, and Africa (in two parts)

Israel,   pp. 533-1707 ff. PDF (461.4 MB)

Page 1303

501.BB Palestine/8-248: Telegram
  The Secretary of State to the Embassy in the United Kingdom
TOP SECRET                   WASHIN(\GTO-N\, August 12, 1948 -1 p. m.
  3187. Dept appreciates provisional UK views on Palestine and
desires present following informal reactions to numbered paragraphs
urtel 3484, Aug 2:
  1. Para. 3a and 4 imply abandonment Nov 29 resolution, which
might complicate handling of question in UN and might cause sharp
reaction in US on basis probable charges US-UK were attempting
sabotage UN recommendations. We believe preferable approach is to
continue to improve Nov. resolution, consistent with our efforts last
regular session, to improve UNSCOP report, along functional or prac-
tical lines to make it more uoceptableIto parties. Within framework this
principle modifications could be effected as result informal Arab-
Jewish negotiations.
  2. Para. 5: We concur in view that political or economic union is
unrealistic and impractical. Re territorial recommendations, (a) we
continue believe Jerusalem should not be placed under sole authority
either Arabs or Jews (see our para. 9a); (b) we agree with free
port proposal but believe internationalization Haifa and Lydda im-
practical; (c) inclusion Jaffa in Israel considered desirable if Arabs
agree but its value as bargaining point should be retained for time
being; (d) transfer of all or part of Negev to Arabs should include
portion of Mediterranean coast line to provide access to sea; (e) some
adjustment of eastern frontier Israel as defined Nov. 29 resolution
desirable to effect more practical distribution and administration com-
municaitions in frontier area. We believe transfer Jaffa and ,all or poir-
tion western Galilee to Israel in exchange for transfer all or part of
Negev good basis for informal Arab-Jewish negotiations. We concur
UK view that political future of Arab territory would eventually be
for Arabs to decide but, in light of diversity views and interests of
Arab states, believe PGI and Transj~ordan should underitake initial
informal negotiations.
  This Govt would indeed view with concern attempt by either Israel
or future Arab state (whether Transjordan or Palestinian Arab
State) to prejudice territorial integrity of other, and assumes such
aggression would be raised in UN for consideration and action under
Charter. We would not agree to UK suggestion concerning recom-
mendation by Mediator that UN should lay down frontier which
could only be changed by UN. Frontiers must be based upon agree-
ment of parties, who c'ould agree to changes. If such frontiers are
violated by one party without agreement of the other, UN would
presumably act, under Chapter VII if necessary.
  3. Para. 5a: Dept believes it desirable avoid interjecting problem

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