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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1948. Eastern Europe; The Soviet Union
(1948)

Yugoslavia,   pp. 1054-1118 PDF (25.0 MB)


Page 1055


added at once that our military had been given responsibilities there
which they would fulfill in all conditions in the interim period as hon-
est men and good soldiers and that their task in providing a sound
administration had been rendered unnecessarily difficult and at times
even dangerous by Yugoslav provocation, incitement of anti-AMG
elements and clandestine subversion. Candor compelled me to say that
the choice of a governor is made doubly hard by contemplation of a
situtation where elements of violence obviously have encouragement
and support from across the frontier. In an injured tone Tito said
that his commanders complain to him about incidents on the frontier
and when by his orders straying "fishermen" are immediately released
the Americans say, "There must be some trick in that too". He hoped
Trieste situation would be settled according to the treaty.
  On Greece Tito said the whole world knows how Yugoslav Govern-
ment sees situation there. "We have stated our position repeatedly,
but
we are not going to do anything dramatic or engage in any adventure."
He pointed to Bebler,7 who was present throughout the interview and
said that Foreign Office had kept him fully informed of my conver-
sations at Foreign Office on Greek situation. I said that since my last
talk with Bebler I had noted reports that in Bulgaria and Albania the
tone is more interventionist and bellicose and in view- of recent series
!{)pacts one could suppose this to be by agreed plan. He replied, "Yes,
I know that you Americans are worried about Communism thrusting
out int'6otheor areas but do not forget Yugoslavia's chief national task
is internal development and we need peace".
  It is hard to convey the atmosphere of this curious conversation. I
found it hard going with him on the political topics. He had taken
pains to remind me this talk was continuation our informal conversa-
tion of a month ago but I must note that he has not been receiving
diplomats for political talks in recent weeks. It is therefore significant
that he seemed to think it useful to have contact with American repre-
sentative, yet instead of drawing me out he forestalled much of what I
would have said by saying Foreign Office had given him full account
of my talks. In fact my reference to Albania and Bulgaria was a long
shot designed to get at him from some other angle. His rejoinder was
oblique but in essence confirmed my earlier impression of Yugoslav at-
titude of reluctance to make definite decision on recognition of
Markos 8 unless forced by Moscow. There is no doubt in my mind he is
7 Dr. Ales Beb-ler, Yugoslav Assistant Foreign Minister.
   General Markos was the chief of the so-called Greek Democratic Army con-
ducting guerrilla warfare against the Greek Royal Government and head of
the
so-called Provisional Democratic Government of Free Greece established some
where in the Greek-Yugoslav-Albanian mountain border area in late December
1947.
1055
YUGOSLAVIA.


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