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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1947. The Far East: China

Unsuccessful attempts to resolve political problems in Sinkiang; extent of Soviet aid and encouragement to rebel groups in Sinkiang; border incident at Peitashan,   pp. 546-587 PDF (14.5 MB)

Page 581

431, repeated Dept as 69, November 13) with further possibility that
Kazaks fleeing across AManass River might draw their pursuers beyond
the former "truce line" and greatly complicate the already tense
situation along this clear cut boundary.
893.00 Sinkiang/11-2847
      The Consul at Tihwva (Paxton) to the Secretary of State
No. 53                                   TIHWA, November 28,1947.
                                         [Received August 23, 1948.]
  SIR: I have the honor to refer to Tihwa's despatch to the Depart-
ment No. 31 of August 27, 1947 on the subject: "Implementation of
the Military Terms of the Ili Agreement" 54 and to make the follow-
ing report of the present status of implementation of the political
  A translation of the Chinese text of the agreement was transmitted
to the Department under cover of Tihwa's despatch No. 19 of June
24, 1947, entitled "Translation of the Agreement for the Settlement
of the Ili Revolt".54
  Copies of this office's telegrams to the Embassy at Nanking perti-
nent to the subject, are enclosed.55
  There is, as will be shown, little question that the Chinese authori-
ties have carried out fully to the letter and, to surprising degree, in
spirit as well, all the formal pledges given in the political terms, but
the Ili faction is still not content.
  The following possibilities, to explain the continued dissatisfac-
tion of the Ili dissidents with the Chinese Government's actions to
conciliate the native opinion, seem to cover the ground:
  (a) The continued failure of the Ili group to accept the Chinese ac-
tions at face value is due entirely to the latter's persistence in its time-
honored policy toward non-Chinese minorities. This policy is one
of cultural imperialism, disguised in many forms, now waxing as
opportunity permits, now waning as resistance strengthens, but never
altogether abandoned, or possible to abandon, so long as Chinese cul-
ture remains convinced that it is the best for all mankind.
  (b) The refusal of the Ili group to cease their obduracy springs
wholly from Soviet instigation. It would vanish immediately were
the support of the U. S. S. R. in arms (either by sale or gift) and
advice (so extended as almost to imply control, in all but name, of
the government of the dissident zones) withdrawn. This assistance
54 Not printed.
5 Not printed as enclosures to this despatch. Many of these telegrams, how-
ever, are quoted or summarized in telegrams from the Embassy in China printed
in this section.

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