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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1947. The Near East and Africa
(1947)

Palestine,   pp. 999-1328 PDF (126.4 MB)


Page 1325


UN Commission will be indistinguishable from their attitude toward-
the Jews. UN Commission members and their staff are generally be-
lieved to be in real danger of assassination as soon as they arrive in-
Jerusalem.
  As has been indicated, there is a general feeling here that the Arabs.
will fight. It is not believed that they will even pretend to negotiate-
with the UN Commission. Their rumored decision not to form an Arab,-
stata from the part allotted to the Arabs by the UNSCOP plan tends
to bolster this belief. And certain quarters here have indicated that the
Arabs believe the world situation will prevent any active UN inter-
ference in the war that they intend to wage on the Jews. They point to
the fact that there is trouble between East and West. They also point:
to the fact that the United States is not interested in having Russian
troops sent to the Middle East. The same is true of Soviet satellite
troops. The Arabs feel that if UN sends troops here to maintain law and-
order and to implement the partition, either Russian or Soviet satellite
troops-or both-will be sent to the Middle East. And the Arabs hope-,
that such a dilemma will be effective in causing the US to, oppose UN
military interference in Palestine.
IV. British Situation.
   Since the British have announced their intention of giving up the-,
mandate, their chief desire seems to be to prevent any organized war-
fare before their departure. As a result, the strong-arm measures that
were formerly characteristic of their occupation no longer obtain. Fre-
quent outbreaks of violence are not stemmed by the police or by the
army. When the British interfere in local troubles, they seem to do soa
only if the violence is of such a nature as would seem to be capable of
spreading. The British attitude seems to be one that is governed by a
desire not to precipitate general trouble by interfering too much inĂ½
local situations.
  There is probably some reason for the Jewish complaint that the
British are favoring the Arabs. There is little doubt that the Palestine
Police personnel, especially the middle and lower ranks, are inclined-
to favor the Arabs and to remain outside of the Arab-Jewish melee.
Instances are frequently quoted in the Jewish press of the partisan
attitude of the British forces. Requests from Jews for authorization
to organize their own protection against the Arabs are refused. Police
arrests and searches among Jewish personnel and settlements are the
order of the day. The Jewish Agency is incensed at this attitude and
is clamoring for the arrival of the UN Commission so that it can keep
an eye on the Palestine Government. The Arabs are constantly erect-
ing barricades on the highways and even in the cities. The police say
that they cannot cope with all activity of this kind. Even police cars
1325-,
PALESTINE


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