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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1947. The Near East and Africa

Palestine,   pp. 999-1328 PDF (126.4 MB)

Page 1323

PALESTINE                        12
most unrealistic and its efforts will be vain. Meanwhile, until some
statement is made as to what will be done, the situation here will remain
uncertain and watchful. No plans can be made to meet an unknown
   It is tragic that many of the present casualties comprise innocent
and harmless people, going about their daily business. They are picked
off while riding in buses, walking along the streets, and stray shots
even find them while asleep in their beds. A Jewish woman, mother of
five children, was shot in Jerusalem while hanging out clothes on the
roof. The ambulance rushing her to the hospital was machine-gunned,
and finally the mourners following her to the funeral were attacked
and one of them stabbed to death.
II. Jewish Situaation.
   At the present time the Jews are maintaining comparative quiet.
The Stern Gang is limiting itself to occasional attacks on British per-
sonnel. The Haganah is concerning itself with protection of Jewish
lives and property and with "punitive" reprisals for Arab outrages.
In some instances it is felt that the IZL has forced the hand of the
Haganah in this respect since the IZL reportedly started these punitive
  The JewishAgency thus far has not called on the Haganah for any
organized defense. However, recent attacks, particularly one in which
Mrs. Myerson was involved, may give the JA an excuse for setting
up an active defense against the Arabs. The Jewish Agency bitterly
denounces the British forces whom it accuses, perhaps with some jus-
tification, of partiality to the Arabs. The Jewish Agency has claimed
that it is completely impotent to deal with the activities of the ter-
rorists. Pointing to British failures to deal with such persons, they
justify the failure of the much smaller Jewish forces to deal with the
same people.
  There are indications that certain segments of Jewish opinion doubt
the economic and military soundness of the proposed Jewish state.
Their doubts are reflected in the demands recently made on the UN
and the US for help to protect and bolster the nascent state. Mrs. Myer-
son's recent visit to the Consul General and her demands that some-
thing be done about the inability of the British to protect Jewish
interests reflect this concern. The present Jewish difficulties in con-
inection with food costs which are mounting daily, and in connection
with road transport for food, are also part of this problem. The Jews
produce about 35% of their own food. The rest must come from the
Arabs and from abroad. Arab boycotts of Jewish markets, already
started in connection with shipments from Egypt, would pFace Jewish
-food supplies in a precarious situation.

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