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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1947. The Near East and Africa

Palestine,   pp. 999-1328 PDF (126.4 MB)

Page 1320

of last thirty years it came to conclusion that unless there was some
unanticipated factor in situation the trend of public opinion and policy
based thereon practically forced it to support partition.
   (b) Majority Report of UNSCOP recommending partition did rep-
 resent new factor but one supporting Jewish state.
   (c) Public opinion in US stirred by mistreatment of Jews in Europe
,and by intense desire of surviving Jews to go to Palestine strongly
supported establishment of Jewish state.
   (d) Troubled situation in Palestine accompanied by British decision
to withdraw made it evident that solution of this difficult problem
,could not be postponed.
  2. US Govt concerned re Palestine problem and sincerely desired
  -fair solution. It therefore welcomed presentation to UN and earnestly
  and sincerely worked for impartial UNGA Committee with broad
  terms of reference to examine problem. At no time did Amer Govt
  directly or indirectly endeavor to influence recommendations of
  UNSCOP. It desired UNSCOP to approach matter in impartial way
  and work out solution of Palestine problem which would have over-
  whelming support of world opinion as one which was fair and
  3. US Govt in deciding to support Majority Report of UNSCOP
  at UNGA took position that it should not use its power and influence
  in prevailing upon other countries against their will to support Ma-
  jority Report. US delegation was instructed that it should explain
  IJS reasons for supporting Majority Report but should not exert pres-
  sure on other delegations. So far as US Govt has determined no undue
  pressure was brought upon other countries by US Governmental offi-
  cials responsible to Executive. Statements have been made that pres-
  sure was brought-by Amer private citizens and by Americans holding
  official positions over whom Exec Branch of Govt had no control. It
  is impossible to determine definitely whether such pressure if it was
  applied changed any appreciable number of votes. In any event it is
  ,considered that the vote of the UNGA reflected the belief that parti-
tion was best of the solutions of the Palestine problem which were
   4. It is understood that one of the reasons for Arab resentment at
 the UNGA decision is concern lest the Zionists intend eventually to
 -use their state as a base for territorial expansion in the Middle East
 at the expense of the Arabs. It is the conviction of the United States
 ,Government, based on conversations with responsible Zionist leaders,
 that they have no expansionist designs and that they are most anxious
 to live with the Arabs in the future on cordial terms and to establish
 with them relations of a mutually advantageous character. If at a later
 ,time persons or groups should obtain control of the Jewish State who

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