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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1947. The Near East and Africa

Palestine,   pp. 999-1328 PDF (126.4 MB)

Page 1313

  sentatives to London one by one in order to steady them. The situation
  might blow up throughout the Middle East with serious reactions on
  the Americans as well as ourselves. He was himself convinced that the
  Soviet Union had supported partition in order to cause a general mix
  up, from which they would profit when the Jews and Arabs began to
  fight. He thought that if and when the Russians intervened, it would
  not be in Palestine itself but in Iraq. He was anxious about the position
  of 100,000 Jews in Bagdad and of others in other places in the Middle
  East. They would not be the victims of war but would risk having
  their throats cut.
    MR. MARSHALL said he had not had many reports yet. He had heard
 the situation was serious but-had not thought it was as bad as the
 Secretary of State had said. The American representative[s] in the
 Middle East countries were of course disturbed and he would keep a
 careful watch.
   THE SECRETARY OF STATE said that Mr. Marshall ought to know that
 some Arabs, including Nuri Pasha, whom he had recently seen in
 London, alleged that after Mr. Marshall had left America pressure
 had been put on many members of the United Nations, especially the
 Latin America countries, to vote for partition.
   MR .MARSHALL said that the position was very difficult. The Arabs
 also had been bringing pressure to bear everywhere. He had tried to
 stop this, although the Latin American countries had asked the Ameri-
 cans for a lead, he had refused to give it. He had taken a similar line
 over elections to the Security Council. He felt it was better in the long
 run not to intervene. He had given his people instructions accordingly
 over Palestine, and he had the greatest confidence in General Hilldring,
 who was handling this and who, he was absolutely sure, would 'handle
 it with very clean hands.
                          Editorial Note
   In the files of the Department of State, under 501.BB Palestine/12-
1747, is a carbon copy of a report dated December 17, 1947, whose pur-
pose ilt was "To assess and appraise the position of the U.S. with re-
spect to Palestine, taking into consideration the security interests of
the U.S. in the Mediterranean and Near East areas and in the light of
the decision of the General Assembly of the United Nations regarding
the partition of Palestine." The paper gives no indication of author-.
ship, but it seems to be the initial draft called for in the editorial note,
page 1283, and a forerunner of Policy Planning Staff Report 19 of
January 19, 1948. It is anticipated that the latter report will be printed
in a forthcoming volume of Foreign Relations.

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