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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1947. The Near East and Africa

Palestine,   pp. 999-1328 PDF (126.4 MB)

Page 1290

1290           FOREIGN RELATIONS, 19447, VOLUME V
cision in Palestine is bound to have a disturbing effect on the Arab
population. If the commission arrived before we were ready to hand
over to it, this would make it impossible to carry out our plan. We
could not maintain the mandate and civil administration for a longer
period than 15 days after the arrival of the commission in Palestine.
The British representative in New York is accordingly being in-
structed, in the event of the Assembly voting for partition, to discuss
with the United Nations commission a mutually convenient date for
the commission's arrival, which, to fit in with the British plans, must
be not before May 1. It would be most helpful if the United States
representative could be instructed to use his influence to ensure that the
commission were ready to come to an arrangement with us on these
lines." 1
  The Department repeated this message to New York in telegram 578, Novem-
ber 28. The following day, in telegram 581, to New York, Mr. Lovett authorized
Ambassador Johnson "to inform UK Representative that Department agrees
proposal set forth in Bevin's memorandum quoted in Martel 12." (501.BB
tine/11-2947) According to telegram 1272, December 1, from New York, this
information was transmitted to Sir Alexander Cadogan the same day (501.BB
501.BB Palestine/l1-2847: Telegram
       The Acting Secretary of State to the Embassy in Chile
SECRET                     WASHINGT1N, November 28, 1947-2 p. m.
  569. Saudi Arabian Delegation UN claims as result pressure United
States Govt, Chile has decided change its vote against partition Pales-
tine to vote for partition.
  Saudi Arabian Delegation previously informed United States firmly
supported majority report and in conversation with other delegations
had made United States position clear, but we were not exerting
"pressure" on other delegations change their votes.
  In order Saudi Delegation may be appropriately informed would
appreciate any comment you might care make with regard Saudi
allegation regarding Chile.'
  STheEmbassy in Santiago informed the Department in airgram A-541 on
December 2 that "President Gonzalez Videla, personally, and certain
of the Govt sympathetic to Jewish cause. Chilean representative on Palestine
Committee therefore instructed to vote in favor of partition Palestine. However,
important Arab groups residing in Chile exerted sufficient pressure on political
parties to cause Radical, Liberal, and Agrarian Labor Parties to issue resolu-
tions urging Chilean Govt to either change its position on Palestine question
abstain from voting. The result was that, although in the Committee Chilean
representative talked and voted in favor of partition, in the final voting
abstained. According to UndSecy FonAff, Egypt asked for Chile's support,
it was never granted; consequently, even if the United States had exerted
sure, the final result was unfavorable to the United States, since Chile,
of voting in favor, abstained." (501.BB Palestine/12-247)

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