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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1947. Eastern Europe; The Soviet Union
(1947)

Czechoslovakia,   pp. 196-255 PDF (23.1 MB)


Page 254


FOREIGN RELATIONS, 1947, VOLUME IV
them to belong to social and cultural organizations which were not
exclusively Sudeten German in membershi p.2
    However, Ambassador Steinhardt and Mr. Bruins on the occasion
 of a lengthy conversation on this subject on November 13th with Dr.
 Arnost Heidrich, General Secretary, (a position analogous to Under-
 secretary) of the Czechoslovak Ministry of Foreign Affairs informed
 him that if the Czechoslovak authorities at any time have specific,
 factual information or documentation in support of their assertions
 that 'the Sudeten Germans are indulging in undue political activity
 and agitation we would accept it from him and transmit it to the
 appropriate American authorities. At the same time it was suggested
 to Dr. Heidrich that the American authorities in Germany have much
 better facilities for ascertaining the pertinent facts than do the Czecho-
 slovak authorities whose representation in Germany is small. It may
 be mentioned here that Dr. Heidrich is extremely cooperative and
 sympathetic not only with the United States but with all of the
 Western Powers.
    On December 18, 1947, Dr. Vlado Clementis (Communist), Acting
 Minister of Foreign Affairs, handed me the enclosed note with the
 remark that it is the result of the conversation with the Ambassador
 and myself on this subject on November 13th. Consequently this is
 being transmitted for the information and use of the Department and
 the American Military authorities in Germany.
    A copy of the note is being sent to USPolAd, Berlin, together with
  7 pertinent photostatic copies of documents which were enclosed
  with the note.
    Respectfully yours,                              JOHN H. BRUINS
    'The statement issued by the American Embassy on November 8 was sub-
  stantially as follows: It was the intention of the United States Military
Govern-
  ment in Germany that Sudeten Germans transferred from Czechoslovakia to
the
V United States zone of occupation be assimilated into the German economy
and
  social structure and that their interests be identified with those of Germany
as
  rapidly as possible. It was also the purpose of the United States Military
Gov-
  ernment, however, that this be accomplished in a democratic manner as an
  example for the future behavior and actions of the transferred peoples.
In view
  of the turmoil and uncertainty attendant upon the uprooting of these peoples,
it
  would be appreciated that these objectives could not be achieved immediately.
  Understandably, individuals and groups might be tempted from time to time
  to express dissatisfaction with their lot. Under these circumstances, organiza-
  tions among the Sudeten Germans for the purpose of protecting or improving
  the material welfare of their members were authorized, but organizations
whose
  primary purpose was political activity and whose membership was restricted
to
  transferees only were not permitted. It was not foreseen that the problems
con-
  nected with the absorption of transferees into the German community would
  disturb good relations between Czechoslovakia and the American zone of
occupa
  tion of Germany.
254


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