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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1947. The British Commonwealth; Europe
(1947)

Europe,   pp. 196-654 PDF (168.7 MB)


Page 242


FOREIGN RELATIONS, 1947, VOLUME III
peddled it first to Mr. Lubin on the Commission on Employment, to
the Poles and to others. This was the origin of ECE, of which causa
proeiima was Mr. Molotov's5 decision, made in the corridors of the
Waldorf after a midnight debate between the Poles (winners) and the
Jugs (losers).
  The ECE thought was inextricably wound up in a European recov-
ery plan. ECOSOC in February 1947 wrote terms of reference for
ECE (it thought it did; actually Miriam Camp 6 wrote the terms of
reference and ECOSOC initialled them). These contained reference to
planned recovery programs.
  I have had a hard time seeing how the Acheson speech at Delta,
Mississippi, was the midwife to the Marshall plan. Acheson made five
points-including primarily the usual ones about multilateralism
which the Department has stated so frequently that it is inclined to
believe them. One point, however, referred to using United States as-
sistance in future where it would do the most good in recovery in some
planned way. This was hardly revolutionary, since there was no spe-
cific suggestion of a recovery program, and since there was no sugges-
tion as to who should draw one up. And the point was only one of five.
  In my book, Scotty Reston 7gets a great ideal of the credit for initi-
ating the Marshall plan. As I reconstruct the plot, Reston would have
lunch with Acheson. Mr. Acheson, as many of his warmest admirers
are prepared to concede, converses with a broad brush. Reston would
get him started on European recovery, and Mr. Acheson would allude
to plans under consideration. The following day invariably Reston
would have a first-page story in the New York Times referring to big
planning going on in the State Department. This would give Mr.
Kennan, who had just been appointed to the newly created planning
staff in February, the jim-jams. If there was public talk of all this
planning in the Department, and the planning staff had received so
much publicity, maybe this was where the effort should be applied.
As I say, I have no way of knowing what was going on in Mr. Kennan's
mind. I do recall, however, learning that Kennan had been having
lunch with Reston (this may have been later though). Perhaps Reston
was acting as liaison man within the Department.
  The Secretary got back from Moscow in April-about the 25th
I recall. The Truman doctrine was making heavy weather of it, both on
Capitol Hill and in the country as a whole. Its negative, retaliatory,
counter-punching features were disliked. Its implications for economic
and ultimately military warfare were regretted. I had the strong
5 Vyacheslav M. Molotov, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Soviet Union.
' Miriam Camp, a Foreign Service Staff Officer in London in 1946, returned
to
the Department of State in January 1947 as a divisional assistant.
'James Reston, a Washington correspondent of the New York Times.
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