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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1947. The British Commonwealth; Europe
(1947)

Europe,   pp. 196-654 PDF (168.7 MB)


Page 229


THE MARSHALL PLAN
      (5) To what extent the respective country might contribute to
    general European rehabilitation if these obstacles were removed;
    and
      (6) The general state of mind of responsible government leaders
    in the respective country with respect to a possible program of
    European rehabilitation, the degree to which they are inhibited by
    Russian or communist pressure in considering such a program
    and the prospects for their initiative or cooperation in working it
    out.
  c. That certain of these Missions be requested, at the discretion of
the operational divisions of the Department, to detail qualified officers
to Washington for a period of several weeks to participate in discus-
sion and planning on this general subj ect.
  d. That the Planning Staff, assisted by the operational sections of
the Department, proceed to work out a general formulation of this
Government's views on the long-term problem of European rehabilita-
tion for use in discussions with European governments and for the
guidance of the American representative on the Economic Commission
for Europe.
  e. That it be accepted as our general objective to induce and assist
the European governments to undertake before autumn the develop-
ment of a program of European rehabilitation which would show
clearly what was expected of this country in the way of support, and
to submit the request for such support to this Government by the end
of the year.
  f. That this overall approach be informally and secretly discussed
with British leaders at an early date and their assurances of support
solicited.
      IV. CLARIFYING IMPLICATIONS OF "TRUMAN DOCTRINE"
  8. Steps should be taken to clarify what the press has unfortunately
come to identify as the "Truman Doctrine", and to remove in particu-
lar two damaging impressions which are current in large sections of
American public opinion. These are:
  a. That the United States approach to world problems is a defensive
reaction to communist pressure and that the effort to restore sound
economic conditions in other countries is only a by-product of this
reaction and not something we would be interested in doing if there
were no communist menace;
  b. That the Truman Doctrine is a blank check to give economic and
military aid to any area in the world where the communists show signs
of being successful. It must be made clear that the extension of Ameri-
can aid is essentially a question of political economy in the literal sense
of that term and that such aid will be considered only in cases where
the prospective results bear a satisfactory relationship to the expendi-
ture of American resources and effort. It must be made clear that in the
case of Greece and Turkey we are dealing with a critical area where
the failure to take action would have had particularly serious conse-
quences, where a successful action would promise particularly far-
229


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