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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1947. The British Commonwealth; Europe
(1947)

Europe,   pp. 196-654 PDF (168.7 MB)


Page 228


FOREIGN RELATIONS, 1 947, VOLUME III
      secondly, that the European Governments use the full force of
    their authority to see that our aid is employed in a purposeful and
    effective way; and
      thirdly, that maximum reimbursement be made to this country
    in any forms found to be economically feasible and in United
    States interest.
  i. The problem of where and in what form the initiative for the
formulation of a European program should be taken is admittedly a
tremendously difficult and delicate one. It cannot be definitely prede-
termined by us. Presumably an effort would first be made to advance
the project in the Economic Commission for Europe, and probably as
a proposal for general European (not just western European) co-
operation; but then it would be essential that this be done in such a
form that ithe Russian satellite countries would either exclude them-
selves by unwillingness to accept the proposed conditions or agree to
abandon the-exclusive orientation of their economies. If the Russians
prove able to block any such scheme in the Economic Commission for
Europe, it may be necessary for the key countries of western Europe
to find means of conferring together without the presence of the Rus-
sians and Russian satellites. In general, however, the question of where
and how this initiative should be taken is primarily one for the Euro-
pean nations, and we should be careful not to seek unduly to influence
their decision.
  7. Based on the above considerations, the Policy Planning Staff sug-
gests the following course of action with relation to the long-term
problem:
  a. That the SWNCC Special Ad Hoc Committee studying "policy,
procedures and costs of assistance by the United States to foreign
countries" continue its studies, but that the State representation on
this
Committee m'aintain close contact with the Policy'Planning Staff for
purposes of coordination.
  b. That by way of supplement to the SWNCC study, telegraphic
instructions be despatched at an early date to the Chiefs of Mission
in a number of western and central European countries designed to
elicit their frank views on
      (1) The economic situation of their respective country and the
    measures required for its remedy;
      (2) Whether there is any element in the situation which makes
    it likely that the United States may be faced with any urgent and
    desperate demand from that quarter for assistance within the next
    year;
      (3) Whether and to what extent the respective economic diffi-
    culties could be relieved by better exchanges (commodities, finan-
    cial, manpower, etc.) with other areas of western and central
    Europe;
      (4) The nature of the main obstacles to be overcome if such
    improved exchanges are to be made possible;
228


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