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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1947. The British Commonwealth; Europe

Europe,   pp. 196-654 PDF (168.7 MB)

Page 226

   The Planning Staff attaches great importance to this project and
considers it almost essential to the success of the general scheme. It
fears that unless something of this sort is done at once the result may
be a further deterioration of morale in Europe which will seriously
jeopardize the long-term program. For this reason it recommends
that most careful and intensive consideration be given at once to this
The production of coal in the Rhine Valley and its movement to the
places of consumption in Europe has suggested itself as the most
suitable object of such an action. The Planning Staff has this ques-
tion under consideration and expects to come up with more detailed
suggestions in the near future.
  It may be necessary as a matter of short time urgency to take cer-
tain other measures with respect to Italy supplementary to such aid
as may be given to that country out of the $350,000,000 appropria-
tion.2 Since this question is already under advisement in operational
sections of the Department the Planning Staff is not including it in
this survey.
                  III. THE LONG-TERM PROBLEM
  6. The Policy Planning Staff recognizes that the long-term problem
is one of enormous complexity and difficulty. It should be the subject
of a careful study which must of necessity extend over a period of at
least several weeks. The Staff proposes to occupy itself with that
study at once. In the belief, however, that this Government cannot
afford to delay the adoption of some overall approach to the solution
of the problem, the following tentative views are set forth:
  a. It is necessary to distinguish clearly between a program for the
economic revitalization of Europe on the one hand, and a program of
American support of such revitalization on the other. It would be
neither fitting nor efficacious for this Government to undertake to
draw up unilaterally and to promulgate formally on its own initiative
a program designed to place western Europe on its feet economically.
This is the business of the Europeans. The formal initiative must
come from Europe; the program must be evolved in Europe; and
the Europeans must bear the basic responsibility for it. The role of
this country should consist of friendly aid in the drafting of a Euro-
pean program and of the later support of such a program, by financial
and other means, at European request.
  b. The program which this country is asked to support must be a
joint one, agreed to by several European nations. While it may be
linked to individual national programs, such as the Monnet plan in
France, it must, for psychological and political as well as economic
This refers to the Joint Resolution, providing relief assistance to the people
of countries devastated by war, which was approved by President Truman on
May 31, 1947; 61 Stat. 125.

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