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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1947. The British Commonwealth; Europe

Europe,   pp. 196-654 PDF (168.7 MB)

Page 222

  (g) We should use our influence to see that the program to be
agreed on for western Europe leaves the road open fur Czechoslovakia
and other states within the Russian orbit to come, as soon as they
can give guarantee that their participation will be constructed
  4. The above refers to an over-all program of American aid which
we would hope could be put before the American public and Congress
by mild-summer. The Planning Staff feels, however, that there is
great need, for psychological reasons, of some energetic and incisive
American action to be undertaken at once in order to create in Europe
the impression that the United States has stopped talking and has
begun to act and that the problem is being taken in hand swiftly and
  The Planning Staff is searching for a suitable field in which such
action could be taken without prejudice to the execution of the even-
tual over-all program. It feels that the most likely field would be that
of the rapid restoration of the coal-producing capacity of the Rhine
valley; and it is examining the feasibility of a scheme that could be
put in hand at once of the enlistment of American energy and resources
to this end.
  It envisages here the launching of an undertaking
      which might be called "Coal for Europe" or something of that
      which would aim at a specified increase in the coal production
    of that area during a specific period (say from July 1 to Decem-
    ber3, 1947);
      which would include every possible way in which the United
    States could help to boost production;
      which would be accomplished by maximum publicity and pub-
    lic dramatization; and
      which would be given as far as possible the character of an
    action not so much by the US Government to the French Govern-
    ment and other Governments of that area but by the US public
    to the peoples of those areas.
 We conceive that this action might include, for example:
      measures to increase production and procurement of coal-mining
    machinery of every sort and rush it to the coal-producing areas;
      campaigns to make available food by popular sacrifice here
    (breadless days, etc.) to be sent specifically to coal-producing
    areas of ex-Allied states (such shipments to be accompanied direct
    to those areas by representatives of American organizations, such
    as Veterans' organizations or labor unions);
      special American government-grants to help the British over-
    come production difficulties in the Ruhr;
      maximum cooperation of our occupational authorities in Ger-
    many in providing labor, materials, etc. for the coal-producing
    areas; and possibly,
      assistance to various European countries in developing other
   sources of energy in order to ease coal allocations.

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