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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1947. General; The United Nations

United States interest in international economic collaboration for the expansion of world trade and employment: negotiations at Geneva leading to the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) and to the convening of the Havana conference,   pp. 909-1025 PDF (44.4 MB)

Page 961

and indicate to what extent those needs can be met by self help. The
United 'States will aid in the balance.
  3. Taiiff Negotiations. Mr. Brown gave a brief resume of the
progress of the tariff negotiations. He indicated that there are only
two items holding up the progress of negotiations with Norway. As
soon as those two items namely, apples and sardines were resolved, an
agreement with Norway would be concluded. The same thing is like-
wise true in the case of Brazil and Lebanon. Mr. Brown reported that
yesterday China had finally offered the United States concessions on
two important items which up to this time they had been unwilling
to do. The United States was very much interested in those two items
since thev constituted a very large part of our total trade with
China. Those two items are leaf tobacco and raw cotton. Mr. Brown
further reported that negotiations with the Southern Dominions was
at an absolute standstill because of wool. As soon as the wool ques-
tion has been finally settled, he said, negotiations will recommence
and will be brought to a successful conclusion. India, he said, is
very well pleased with our offers and the major obstacle in the way
of concluding an agreement within a short time is due to two facts:
(1) that the United States is not satisfied with the offers made by
India; and (2) the political situation arising in connection with Indian
independence has been a handicap to the Indian Delegation in improv-
ing their offers. Mr. Moline, however, is pressing the Indians hard
both with respect to improve the offers made to the United States and
to speed negotiations. Negotiations with France have been more or
less in deadlock because of the new French tariff increasing all rates
of duty compared to the prewar tariff. The French wish to negotiate
on the basis of the new tariff, whereas the United States insists that
negotiations should be conducted on the basis of the old tariff. It is
hoped that real progress will be made this week. In the case of Cuba
the preliminary work has been done and the team is evaluating the
results. Cuba wishes to raise tariff rates on some important items in
the United States trade relations with that country. The United States
is resisting this endeavor. Conclusion of an agreement with the United
Kingdom has been held up because of the wool question, but as soon
as that question has been resolved negotiations will proceed rapidly.
Negotiations with Belgo-Luxembourg are somewhat slow in getting
started because of the new tariff structure which required United States
to recast its requests. That was a difficult arduous undertaking. Recast-
ing of the United States request list has been completed and negotia-
tions are now proceeding rapidly with much satisfaction on both sides.
The Czechoslovaks are not very forthcoming in their offers to the
United States or to others.
  4. Charter Negotiations. Mr. Wilcox remarked that we have under-
taken the most complicated set of international negotiations in the

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