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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States. Conferences at Malta and Yalta, 1945

III. The Yalta Conference,   pp. [547]-996 PDF (155.3 MB)

Page 582

remained only 4 tank divisions. The aim of the High Command was
  On the front from Ostrolenka to Crakow, that is, in the area of our
greatest attack, the enemy had up to 80 divisions. We set up a group-
ing calculated on having a superiority over the enemy: in infantry,
more than double; in artillery, tanks and aviation, a decided superi-
  The massing of artillery on the sectors of the break-through
amounted to 220-230 guns (from 75 mm. and above) on one kilometer
of the front.
  The advance was begun under extremely unfavorable weather con-
ditions-low visibility and fog, which completely ruled out the pos-
sibility of air operations and limited artillery observation to several
hundred meters.
  Due to good preliminary reconnaissance of the enemy positions and
a powerful artillery advance, the fire power of the enemy was over-
whelmed and his fortifications destroyed. This situation permitted
our troops during the first day of the advance to move forward 10 to
15 kilometers, that is, to completely break through the entiretactical
depth of the enemy defense.
  The following results were achieved:
  a. During the 18 days of the advance, the Soviet troops moved
forward up to 500 kilometers in the direction of the main offensive.
  Thus the average speed of forward movement was 25-30 kilometers
per day.
  b. The Soviet troops came out onto the Oder River on the sector
from Kyustrin (north of Frankfurt) and south and seized the Silesian
industrial area.
  c. 'rhey cut across the main roads and cut off enemy groups in East
Prussia from central Germany; thus, in addition to the Courland
group (26 divisions) isolated 27 divisions of the enemy group; a series
of divisional groupings were surrounded and annihilated in the region
of Lodz, Torne, Poznan, Shneidmul and others, an approximate total of
up to 15 divisions.
  d. Break-throughs in force of long duration of German defensive
positions in East Prussia in the Koenigsberg and Latvian directions.
  e. Destroyed 45 German divisions against which we sustained the
following losses:
               Prisoners -about 100,000 men
               Casualties-about 300,000 men
               Total   -approximately 400,000 men.
  Probable enemy action:
  a. The Germans will defend Berlin for which they will try to hold up
the movement of the Soviet troops in the area of the Oder River, set-

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