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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States. Conferences at Malta and Yalta, 1945

III. The Yalta Conference,   pp. [547]-996 PDF (155.3 MB)

Page 571

  THE PRESIDENT said that he had been very much struck by the
extent of German destruction in the Crimea and therefore he was more
bloodthirsty in regard to the Germans than he had been a year ago,
and he hoped that Marshal Stalin would again propose a toast to the
execution of 50,000 officers of the German Army.
  MARSHAL STALIN replied that because of the honest blood shed in
fighting the Germans, everyone was more bloodthirsty than they had
been a year ago, adding that the destruction in the Crimea is nothing
compared to that which occurred in the Ukraine. He said in the
Crimea the Germans had been out-flanked and had had little time to
carry out planned destruction, whereas in the Ukraine they had done
it with method and calculation. He said the Germans were savages
and seemed to hate with a sadistic hatred the creative work of human
  THE PRESIDENT agreed with this.
  MARSHAL STALIN then inquired about the military situation on the
Western Front.
  THE PRESIDENT replied that General Marshall, at the five o'clock
meeting, would give a detailed outline of the situation and plans, but
he could say now that there was an offensive planned for the 8th of
February and another on the 12th, but that the main blow of the
Anglo-American armies on the Western Front would take place in
  MARSHAL STALIN expressed gratification at this news, and said that
General Antonov of the Soviet General Staff would give a detailed
review of the situation on the Eastern Front at the five o'clock meet-
ing. He added that if it were possible to capture the Ruhr and Saar
regions the Germans would be deprived of all sources of coal, since the
Russians had already captured the Silesia basin.
  THE PRESIDENT said he felt that the armies were getting close enough
to have contact between and he hoped General Eisenhower could com-
municate directly with the Soviet Staff rather than through the Chiefs
of Staff in London and Washington as in the past.
  MARSHAL STALIN agreed and thought it was very important and
promised that the staffs while here would work out the details of this
suggestion. He added that if the Germans were deprived of all their
coal, since they were already short of bread, there was a possibility
that the German collapse would come before absolute military defeat.
  THE PRESIDENT inquired whether the Soviet bridgeheads across
the Oder were sufficient for further offensive action.
  MARSHAL STALIN replied that in regard to these bridgeheads, of
which there were five or six, fierce battles were in progress on the
Eastern front.
  THE PRESIDENT said that one of the difficulties on the Western
Front was that we had no secure bridgeheads and that on the upper

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