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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States diplomatic papers, 1943. The Near East and Africa

Iran,   pp. 319-635 PDF (113.0 MB)

Page 328

  Mr. Casey said that he expected to revisit Iran in the near future
and at that time would do his best to straighten out any differences
of viewpoint which might exist between Mr. Dreyfus and Sir Reader
Bullard. Mr. Murray expressed his hearty approval.
  Mr. Casey then referred to the generally weak moral fiber of the
Iranian people. He said that the Shah had spoken of this to him
and had expressed the wish to do something about it. Mr. Casey
had suggested that the Shah gather together a group of the better
type of younger men and use them as an influence on the rest of the
population. In particular, he had mentioned a young man, whose
name he had forgotten, the head of the mortgage bank, who had
impressed him with his character and understanding of Iranian
problems. The Shah had agreed that this man was a fine type, but
had expressed doubt as to the possibility of finding others.
  Mr. Murray said that he welcomed Mr. Casey's attitude on this
question, since it coincided exactly with our own. . . . We had, some
months ago, suggested this to the British Foreign Office but the reply
had been discouraging. The Foreign Office had taken the position
that any attempt by Great Britain or the United States to push for-
ward any individuals would result in the branding of those persons as
foreign "tools" and would destroy their usefulness. Mr. Murray
pointed out that this Foreign Office view was hardly in accord with
the drastic measures which had been proposed by Sir Reader Bullard
in connection with the alteration of the Iranian Cabinet at the will of
the Allies. He went on to say that he hoped very much that Mr. Casey
would join with us in supporting the entrance into public life of young
men of the right type, and he emphasized that the important thing for
the future was to have good men in office with minds of their own,
not someone who would take orders from any foreign power which
supported him. Mr. Casey said that he entirely agreed.
  Mr. Murray then spoke of certain suggestions which had been
made that the Majlis should be dissolved. He said that we had been
inclined to consider this proposal, but that we had now come very
much to the conviction that it would be unwise, since the Majlis, with
all its faults, served as a safety valve and was regarded by the Iranian
people as the safeguard of their liberties. Mr. Casey agreed with this
view and said that dissolution of the Majlis had been considered only
when it seemed that it might be the only way to solve the currency
  Finally, Mr. Murray said that he would like to throw out a thought
with regard to the Russian position in Iran. Our reports indicated
that the Russians, by following a conciliatory policy and by engaging
in elaborate propaganda, had established themselves very strongly in

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