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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States diplomatic papers, 1943. The Near East and Africa
(1943)

Iran,   pp. 319-635 PDF (113.0 MB)


Page 327


themselves had always followed in Egypt, and he felt that it was sur-
prising that it had not been adopted in Iran.
  Mr. Casey said he would like to explain that all the British au-
thorities in the Middle East had been greatly worried by the Iranian
situation. He himself had gone to Tehran and spent three or four
days there seeking light on the matter. He had found an impression
on the part of the British Legation that the American Minister was
not taking an active interest in the problem and was not cooperating
in the effort to find a solution. Mr. Casey appeared to feel that there
might be some basis for this impression, although he himself was not
in a very good position to judge. So far as he could gather, the
entire weight of the crisis had fallen upon the British, since the
Russians, as usual, were unhelpful and would not even provide in-
formation regarding their own activities in northern Iran. Conse-
quently, the British had felt that they must go ahead and do the best
they could on their own.
  Mr. Murray said that any apparent holding-back on the part of
the American Minister might be attributable in part to a feeling that
the British were, after all, in occupation of Iran and, therefore, should
properly take the initiative. A further consideration might be a
belief that general British policy in the area was too much influenced
by a "crack down" spirit, a spirit which had long-since gone out
of
favor in the United States. The Department was strongly of the
opinion that the Iranians could be better handled through conciliatory
methods than through the application of pressure. Mr. Murray
emphasized that Mr. Dreyfus had acted throughout under the in-
structions of the Department and in entire accord with the policies of
the Department.
  In this connection, Mr. Murray read an excerpt from Tehran's tele-
gram no. 4 of January 4.20 He omitted any reference to the letter 21
written by General Wilson to General Andrews ,22 but mentioned that
Mr. Casey might have heard that Mr. Dreyfus had been accused of
being anti-British. He then went on to read Mr. Dreyfus' remarks
regarding his personal and official relations with British officials and
his general attitude toward the British, Russians and Iranians. He
also read the final sentence of the telegram, as a further illustration
of what we considered an unfortunate attitude of certain British
officials toward the Iranian situation.
  20 Not printed; it concerned a report of a complaint made against the American
Minister in Iran by Gen. Sir Henry Maitland Wilson, British Commander in
Chief, Persia-Iraq Command (891.00/1978).
  21Not printed.
  22 Lt. Gen. F. M. Andrews, Commanding General, United States Army Forces,
Middle East.
327
IRAN


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