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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States diplomatic papers, The Conferences at Cairo and Tehran, 1943
(1943)

II. The First Cairo Conference,   pp. [291]-455 ff. PDF (54.6 MB)


Page 324


II. THE FIRST CAIRO CONFERENCE
a supporting capacity should it prove necessary-by that time. The
Generalissimo also took the position that the final decision on the
matter could await further development of the actual situation.
  (4) On Reparation in Kind-Generalissimo Chiang proposed that
a part of the reparation Japan was to pay China after the war could
be paid in the form of actual properties. Much of Japan's industrial
machinery and equipment, war and merchant ships, rolling stock,
etc., could be transferred to China. President Roosevelt expressed
his concurrence in the proposal.
  (5) On Restoration of Territories-Generalissimo Chiang and
President Roosevelt agreed that the four Northeastern provinces of
China, Taiwan and the Penghu Islands [Pescadores] which Japan had
taken from China by force must be restored to China after the war, it
being understood that the Liaotung Peninsula and its two ports,
Lushun (Port of Arthur) and Dairen, must be included. The Presi-
dent then referred to the question of the Ryukyu Islands and enquired
more than once whether China would want the Ryukyus. The Gen-
eralissimo replied that China would be agreeable to joint occupation of
the Ryukyus by China and the United States and, eventually, joint
administration by the two countries under the trusteeship of an inter-
national organization. President Roosevelt also raised the question
of Hongkong. The Generalissimo suggested that the President dis-
cuss the matter with the British authorities before further
deliberation.
  (6) On Matters Concerning Military Cooperation-President
Roosevelt proposed that, after the war, China and the United States
should effect certain arrangements under which the two countries
could come to each other's assistance in the event of foreign aggres-
sion and that the United States should -maintain adequate military
forces on various bases in the Pacific in order that it could effectively
share the responsibility of preventing aggression. Generalissimo
Chiang expressed his agreement to both proposals. The General-
issimo expressed his hope that the United States would be in a position
to extend necessary aid to China for equipping its land, naval and
air forces for the purpose of strengthening its national defense and
enabling its performance of international obligations. Generalissimo
Chiang also proposed that, to achieve mutual security, the two coun-
tries should arrange for army and naval bases of each to be available
for use by the other and stated that China would be prepared to place
Lushun (Port of Arthur) at the joint disposal of China and the
United States. President Roosevelt, on his part, proposed that China
and the United States should consult with each other before any de-
cision was to be reached on matters concerning Asia. The General-
issimo indicated agreement.
324


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