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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States diplomatic papers, 1937. The British Commonwealth, Europe, Near East and Africa

Palestine,   pp. 881-922 PDF (15.0 MB)

Page 896

clash of two vivid nationalisms sharpened by Jewish persecution in
Germany and Arab nationalism sharpened by new grant of self gov-
ernment in Syria and the sudden increase of Jewish immigration.
He briefly explained that only partition could remove reciprocal
fears of domination and only permanent neutral guardianship of the
holy places could guarantee peace. He asked for support only for
the principle that the case for fundamental changes had been made
out and that leave could be granted by the League to formulate a
fully detailed scheme. He could not agree to refer the report to a
joint select committee which would mean indefinite delay in making
application to the League. He gave an optimistic account of the
reception of the report.
  The Labor opposition speaker subjected the scheme to detailed
criticism in order to show that it was unworkable in its present form
and suggested reference to a joint select committee.
  The Liberal opposition speaker on much the same lines urged that
only Jews had legitimate grievances and that it was much too early
for the House to make an irrevocable decision.
  Mr. Amery, Conservative, led the way toward compromise and
thought that joint select committee might be set up at a later stage.
  After several other speakers, Mr. Churchill said he would have pre-
ferred persevering with the mandate and could not vote for immedi-
ate approval of the partition in principle, the virtues or vices of that
principle depending on its detailed application and no details had
been settled. In view of the desirability of unanimity and the pos-
sibility that delay might bring Jews and Arabs together, he suggested
as an amendment to the opposition amendment a proposal to send
the report forward to the League with a view to the later preparation
by the Government after adequate inquiry of a detailed plan in ac-
cordance with the policy set out in the Government's comments on
the report. After further debate and a modification in the wording
suggested by Mr. Lloyd George, Mr. Churchill's motion, which the
Government accepted, was carried unanimously except for third [sic]
independent labor members.
  In the House of Lords where the debate was resumed the suggestion
was also made that the report should first be referred to a joint select
committee. Lord Swinton for the Government argued that such a
committee could only do over again the work of the Royal Commis-
sion. The debate which had merely been on a motion asking for
information was concluded by the withdrawal of the motion.

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