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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States diplomatic papers, 1937. The British Commonwealth, Europe, Near East and Africa
(1937)

Iraq,   pp. 767-784 PDF (6.7 MB)


Page 778


FOREIGN RELATIONS, 1937, VOLUME II
and since the Iraq Government is now applying special restrictive
measures to imports from Japan."
  It was only after long and extended conferences among various offi-
cials and advisers of the Iraqi Government that they finally agreed
to accept Article II substantially as submitted by the Department.
Mr. McDougall informed Mr. Satterthwaite on September 29 that he
had brought Mr. Hogg, the English adviser of the Ministry of
Finance, around to his point of view on Article II and that the latter
was at last willing to accept it, provided another Article be inserted
in the Treaty embodying Iraq's statement to the League of Nations
concerning most-favored-nation treatment contained in Article XI
(1) of its Declaration of May 30, 1932.13 The Legation later learned
that subsequent to a final meeting on October 11, concrete proposals
in reply to ours had been drafted for presentation to the Council of
Ministers.
  In view of the fact that this new Article proposed by Iraq as Article
V is unilateral rather than bilateral, the Legation inquired of the
Legal Advisor of the Foreign Office whether this phase of the matter
had been fully discussed and whether the Iraq Government would
entertain serious objections to making it bilateral. Mr. McDougall
replied that this point had in fact been carefully considered and that,
as stated in the Foreign Office note of November 27, it was inserted
in order that-the United States should not have a more favored posi-
tion vis-a-vis Iraq than the members of the League of Nations, with
respect to whom it is of course unilateral. He understands, however,
that the United States might possibly claim a more favored position,
since the Convention of January 9, 1930, was signed more than two
years previous to Iraq's Declaration to the League of Nations of May
thirty, 1932. He added that the new Article would not have been
proposed had it not been for our insistence on retaining Article II
in its original form. He gave the impression that the Iraqi Govern-
ment would be very reluctant and might possibly refuse to accept
the Treaty without the inclusion of this new Article.
  While discussing the Treaty on September 29, Mr. McDougall
observed that there had been considerable discussion among the ex-
perts as to the possible benefits which Iraq might obtain by a relaxa-
tion of the duties and sanitary restrictions imposed by the United
States on dates, especially those of a cheaper quality. The experts
who had discussed the matter with him had suggested that Iraqi
date exporters would benefit greatly if our tariff on dates were changed
from a specific to an ad valorem basis, and that they would also
benefit if the rule excluding shipments containing more than 10%o
13 For text of Declaration, see League of Nations document No. A.17.1932.VII:
Request of the Kingdom of Iraq for Admission to the League of Nations, p.
3.
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