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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States diplomatic papers, 1937. The British Commonwealth, Europe, Near East and Africa

Iraq,   pp. 767-784 PDF (6.7 MB)

Page 767

The Secretary of State to the Minister Resident in Iraq (Knabenshue)
No. 242                            WASHINGTON, January 18, 1937.
  SIR: Pursuant to its telegram No. 14 of June 29, 1936, 5.00 p. Mr.,2
the Department sends you herewith a draft of a treaty of commerce
and navigation between the United States and Iraq. In accordance
with the suggestion you made in a conference in the Department on
September 14, 1936, the draft follows very closely the treaty of com-
merce and navigation between the United States and Turkey signed at
Ankara October 1, 1929.2 Three copies of that treaty are also enclosed.
  A slight change has been made in Article I by substituting in the
first line the phrase "the method of levying such duties" for the
phrase "including surtaxes and coefficients of increase". The substi-
tuted phrase is believed to be more comprehensive. At the end of
the first article the exceptions to the most-favored-nation provision
in respect of commerce have been elaborated and clarified.
  Article II, paragraph 2, of the draft herewith enclosed amplifies
and clarifies the stipulation for most-favored-nation treatment in
respect of quotas. It is the view of the Department that most-favored-
nation treatment in respect of quotas and exchange control require
that the allocations made under quotas or exchange control will be
equal to the share of the trade in a particular commodity enjoyed in
a previous representative period.
  Article III of the enclosed draft is similar to the corresponding
article of the treaty with Turkey except that a number of exceptions
stipulated in the treaty with Turkey are omitted as inapplicable in
the case of Iraq. Article IV is more elaborate than the corresponding
article in the Turkish treaty but differs very little in substance.
  Article V of the enclosed draft which provides for most-favored-
nation treatment in respect of civil aircraft merely confirms the
advantages now guaranteed under the existing tripartite convention.'
'For previous correspondence, see Foreign Relations, 1936, vol. in, pp. 401
  2Ibid., p. 405.
  "Ibid., 1929, vol. in, p. 838.
  4The convention signed at London, January 9, 1930, by the United States,
Great Britain, and Iraq, ibid., 1930, vol. rn, p. 302.

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