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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States diplomatic papers, 1937. The British Commonwealth, Europe, Near East and Africa

Afghanistan,   pp. 597-614 PDF (6.5 MB)

Page 606

of our experiences in Addis Ababa during the siege,9 cannot be ig-
nored. Since we, unlike the British, could not call upon Indian
troops to guard our Legation, we should be under the necessity of
maintaining a considerable native guard, whose loyalty might be
doubtful in the case of a crisis.
  Mention was also made of the . . . administration of justice in
. . . a Moslem country as Afghanistan, where foreigners have no
capitulatory rights. The presence in large numbers of American
nationals in Afghanistan in connection with the newly acquired
oil concessions would, of course, raise this question acutely and it
would have to be solved. It is clear, however, that the mere presence
of an American minister in Afghanistan would not necessarily serve
as a protection for American nationals who might fall into the toils
of Afghan law as the Italian Legation there learned to its sad experi-
ence in 1924 in the notorious Piperno case, referred to elsewhere in
the Department's records.
  Messrs. Lovejoy and Clapp admitted that their concession in Iran
was rather meager in comparison with their original aspirations and
covered only a fraction of the territory envisaged in the Sinclair con-
cession of 1924 [1923].10 Mr. Lovejoy stated, however, that they
hoped to extend their concession in due time.
  [The remainder of this memorandum pertains to other matters.]
                                                WALLACE MURRAY
124.90H/30: Telegram
      The Charge in Iran (Engert) to the Secretary of State
                                  TEHERAN, July 15, 1937-10 a. m.
                                             [Received 1: 15 p. m.]
  50. During calls exchanged with the Afghan Minister of Foreign
Affairs Faizy Mohammed, who is spending some 10 days in Teheran
in connection with the four-power pact," he repeatedly spoke of the
sincere desire of the Afghan Government to cultivate friendliest pos-
sible relations with the United States. The Department will recall
that he was a member of the Afghan Mission to Washington in 1921 '2
and although he laughingly refers to several misunderstandings which
occurred on that occasion he says that he never forgot the tremendous
impression America made on him. He felt then and still feels that
the world could learn much from us especially as regards international
9 See Foreign Relations, 1936, vol. in, pp. 254 ff.
10 See ibid., 1923, vol. ii, pp. 711 if. and ibid., 1924, vol. ai, pp. 539
The Saadabad Treaty signed July 8, 1937, by Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, and
Turkey; for text, see League of Nations Treaty Series, vol. cxc, p. 21.
12 See Foreign Relations, 1921, vol. i, pp. 258 if.

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