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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States diplomatic papers, 1937. The British Commonwealth, Europe, Near East and Africa
(1937)

Poland,   pp. 525-563 PDF (14.2 MB)


Page 560


FOREIGN RELATIONS, 1937, VOLUME II
readily observed that he is not personally inclined towards anti-
Semitism but, in fact, displays, either as a matter of principle or
good politics, a spirit of tolerance and helpfulness in his contacts with
Jews. He informed me that his recent trip to Geneva was based
to a large extent on a desire to demonstrate as prominently as possible
the genuine importance which the Polish Government ascribes to the
Jewish problem and its eagerness to find a solution for it by increased
emigration.
  The Prime Minister, General Slawoj-Sladkowski [Skladkowskl],
spoke 62 strongly in a soldierly manner against public disorder and
anarchy in the streets, emphasizing that civil violence directed against
any one section of the population might, if allowed to develop un-
checked, easily be turned against constituted authority and the gen-
eral order of the country. 1-e went on to stress the necessity of main-
taining order and guarding the safety of all citizens in order to
ensure the internal and external security of Poland. His remarks
were followed, according to my informant, by a strong statement on
the part of Eugenjusz Kwiatkowski, Vice Prime Minister and Minister
of Finance:
  "I am satisfied with the progress that we were making in the eco-
nomic development of the country. We set for ourselves difficult
achievements but the efforts of the people were bringing great results.
If peace and unity are maintained at home, we can and will accom-
plish much. But the disorders, primarily the anti-Jewish activities
and the peasant difficulties, have proven very costly to our economy,
and I am no longer positive that we can continue to make progress.
In the peasant regions the entire field of economic activity has been
gravely injured.
  "The anti-Semitic activities have threatened our prospects at home
and abroad. Tax collections in Jewish districts have declined greatly.
The receipts at Brzesc Litewskli 63 have declined by nearly 70 per cent.
since the riots there last May and in many important regions the
average decline has been nearly 30 per cent. Our tax income is de-
pendent to a large extent on trade which is controlled by Jewish
hands and Jews are avoiding more than ever the payment of taxes
since the excesses have become more prevalent. I cannot tell you how
difficult it has become for us to facilitate exports, to negotiate on
financial matters, and to obtain necessary credits or a foreign loan,
particularly with the Anglo-Saxons. Jewish circles in those countries
refuse to deal with us as long as these excesses take place. If the pres-
ent situation continues, I shall find it necessary to resign, since my pro-
gram has been endangered to a point where success soon will no longer
be possible."
  High officials of the Roman Catholic Church in Poland, including
the Papal Nuncio, Cardinal Hlond, and other members of the hier-
  6' In a formal meeting of the Polish Cabinet.
  Brzegd nad Bugiem, or Brest-Litovsk.
560


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