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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States diplomatic papers, 1937. The British Commonwealth, Europe, Near East and Africa
(1937)

Poland,   pp. 525-563 PDF (14.2 MB)


Page 558


FOREIGN RELATIONS, 1937, VOLUME I
fic mention of the intent to separate Jewish and Christian students
but simply provide in various manners for the designation by the
school authorities of the seats to be occupied by the individual students
or student groups....
  Jewish student groups are no more inclined to accept the present
regulations than they were willing to comply with the unofficial efforts
of anti-Semitic students to enforce in the past few years an unofficial
"ghetto" arrangement. They have protested strenuously to the edu-
cational authorities and have encountered no difficulty in enlisting the
active support of important Jewish organizations in appealing for the
cancellation of the regulations to the central authorities..
  The Embassy does not think it likely that the protest of Jewish
organizations will be of much avail in this matter. As stated above,
the decision to create the "ghetto" was sanctioned, if not actually
directed by the Polish Government, and it is quite unthinkable that
this action would be reversed, particularly in view of the fact that
it has met with almost universal approval in the racially Polish
press. In fact, the Minister of Cults and Public Instruction in a
nation-wide radio address delivered yesterday on the occasion of
the new school year pointed out that "quiet in the institutions of
higher education is a condition essential to the future development
of Poland" and added that in the exercise of his responsibility for
the normal conduct of the educational activities of the country he is
"forced to use means to which recourse would not willingly be taken"
except to avoid the spread of confusion and anarchy.
  On the other hand, it is pertinent to point out that the issue involved
is greater than that of the separation of Christian and Jewish students
in the schools. I am informed that leading Jewish circles are con-
vinced that the successful establishment of the "ghetto" in the
schools
will soon bring a strong demand on the part of anti-Semitic elements
in Poland for the extension of the system to other fields of life. They
anticipate in particular that pressure will be brought on the authori-
ties to provide "ghetto" accommodations on public transportation
facilities, special sections in theaters for Jewish spectators, and a
general separation of the Jewish and Christian elements in many
other fields of activity. It is in order to avoid encouraging such
demands by easy compliance with this first step that Polish Jewry
  t According to information obtained from Jewish sources, the Jewish Sena
tors
and Deputies have promised to use every resource at their command in opposing
the University ghetto. They intend to raise the constitutional question in
their
discussions with the authorities by claiming that these regulations deny
to
Jewish students the equal treatment guaranteed therein to all Poles. [Footnote
in the original.]
558


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