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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States diplomatic papers, 1937. The British Commonwealth, Europe, Near East and Africa

Italy,   pp. 435-506 PDF (27.1 MB)

Page 487

  In connection with the use of the sovereign's title in the preamble,
may I again recall to the Department the multilateral treaty signed
at Montreux for the abolition of capitulations in Egypt, in which
document appears the use of the title "King of Italy and Emperor
of Ethiopia" which as I understand was not construed at that time
to involve recognition by any of the signatories of the Italian con-
quest of Ethiopia. This treaty has now been promulgated in Italy.
  Throughout the recent discussions and in fact during the entire
period of negotiations there has been a manifest desire on the part
of the Italian authorities to do whatever might be possible to meet
the Department's views with respect to the various articles of the
treaty. This is particularly the case with regard to article 8. Where
it has not been possible to accept the American suggestions this has
in a large measure been due to the fact that these suggestions would
be contrary to existing provisions of Italian law which have formed
the basis of treaties with other countries on [in] that they might on
the most-favored-nation principle extend to countries other than the
United States privileges which Italy is not prepared as yet to accord.
This is particularly the case with respect to article 6 where it was
explained that if the United States alone were involved it might
be easier to reach a satisfactory solution.
  I should appreciate instructions on as many points as possible prior
to next Monday.
711.652/136: Telegram
   The Ambassador in Italy (Phillips) to the Secretary of State
                                 RoME, December 11, 1937-7 p. m.
                               [Received December 11-3: 30 p. m.]
  510. Embassy's telegram No. 509, December 10, 7 p. m. In order
that no possible misunderstanding might arise in connection with the
wheat revaluation arrangement with Hungary the Italian Govern-
ment has furnished the Embassy with the following oral explana-
  When Hungarian wheat is purchased by Italian importers the pur-
chase price is set in relation to the price prevailing on the world mar-
ket for that particular quality of wheat and an additional amount
is paid by the importer who receives facilities from the Italian Gov-
ernment to that end. The example cited by the Italian authorities
is that if wheat of a specified grade is purchased the price prevailing
for the next higher grade is paid. It was further explained that the
arrangement which is primarily of a political nature and does not

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