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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States diplomatic papers, 1937. The British Commonwealth, Europe, Near East and Africa

Italy,   pp. 435-506 PDF (27.1 MB)

Page 480

negotiations the Italian authorities have maintained the point of view
that the matter of extension of the treaty to the colonies should form
the subject of a separate and subsequent agreement. Our original
proposal automatically raised the question and you reported in your
533 of December 16, 1936,47 that the Italians were studying the sub-
ject but no conclusion had been reached. This was the status of the
matter on August 9, 1937, when it was indicated in instruction No. 163
of the same date that we understood Italy would submit a counter
proposal. The Italian memorandum of September 22 seems to be
the first formal Italian comment we have had to the effect that full
extension of the treaty to the colonies is impossible. Considering the
foregoing it appears to the Department that the procedure most
conducive to an early agreement with reference to Article XX would
be for the Italian Government to submit a counter proposal.
  With respect to the concluding language of the treaty the sugges-
tion as to the words to be used above the names of the plenipotentiaries
was made because we are unwilling that the words "Emperor of
Ethiopia" or the word "Ethiopia" appear in the treaty, namely,
any instrument signed on behalf of the United States. If the sugges-
tion is not acceptable to the Italian authorities, you may propose as
an alternate that no language at all appear over the signatures of the
plenipotentiaries and that the names and titles of the plenipotentiaries
be inserted in the preamble as follows:
  After the word "plenipotentiaries" insert a comma and the following
"namely, William Phillips, Ambassador Extraordinary and Pleni-
potentiary of the United States of America at Rome, and Count
Galeazza Ciano di Cortellezza, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Italy".
Then will follow the words "have agreed upon and signed the follow-
ing articles".
  We have reconsidered the question of preferences included in list
B, and would, if necessary, agree that they be excepted from the opera-
tion of the Treaty. Accordingly, you should not seek the understand-
ing mentioned in my 187 of December 2 with respect to the meaning
of the word "now". On the other hand, in order that we may have
the Italian viewpoint, you should make the counter proposal in respect
of a new sub-paragraph to the last paragraph of Article XIX set forth
in the telegram in reference and await comment from the Italian Gov-
ernment thereon.
  Interpretation of list A in Department's No. 187 would remain
47 Foreign Relations, 1936, vol. Ii, p. 358.

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