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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States diplomatic papers, 1937. The British Commonwealth, Europe, Near East and Africa

Italy,   pp. 435-506 PDF (27.1 MB)

Page 448

the Italian plenipotentiary.17 Furthermore, would there be any legal
distinction between the acceptance by the United States Government
of the credentials of the Italian Ambassador in Washington made
out in the name of the King Emperor and the signature of a treaty
which the American representative signs on behalf of the President
and the Italian representative on behalf of his?
  Should it be considered that article 20 which extends the provisions
of the treaty to include all territories over which the parties respec-
tively claim and exercise dominion as sovereign may give rise to
questions involving recognition; might it not be possible to omit this
article from the present treaty and at some subsequent date conclude
a separate agreement relating to the colonies and dominions?
  I should appreciate the Department's preliminary views on the
foregoing point for possible use in the event that the Foreign Office
brings them up for discussion.
711.652/101: Telegram
    The Secretary of State to the Ambasnador in Italy (Phillip8)
                               WASHINGTON, July 16, 1937-7 p. m.
  125. Your 31818 and 320 of July 7 and 10, 1937. We are very
much gratified that the Italians have indicated a disposition to accept
our text of Article 8 including the exchange provision. However, we
do not consider that an agreement has been reached in respect of that
Article in the absence of a definite understanding on the important
related question of the exceptions proposed by Italy in Article 19
(preferences to Danubian countries) concerning which certain infor-
mation was requested of the Embassy last March (Instruction No.
56 of March 17, 1937) and again in the Department's telegram No. 111
of June 23, 1937. Until such information is received we are not in
position to give final consideration to this question, since if this were
left open to arbitrary interpretation the exceptions which the Italians
might invoke thereunder could conceivably nullify the effect of the
provisions of the article.
  As the Embassy is doubtless aware, it was decided some months
ago that in these cases in which negotiations have been inactive for a
considerable time formal public announcement of the intention to
resume negotiations would be made, in the event negotiations are
resumed, in order that interested persons might have an opportunity
again to present their views. Also, the country committee will re-
t' For correspondence with regard to the matter of the title "King Emperor",
see Foreign Relations, 1936, vol. in, pp. 219 if.
  1 Not printed.

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