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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States diplomatic papers, 1937. The British Commonwealth, Europe, Near East and Africa

Germany,   pp. 319-405 PDF (32.6 MB)

Page 402

emphasized also the righteous condemnation I and my government
feel towards deliberate criminals who thus deliberately plot or con-
spire to injure a government; and that it is in the light of all the
circumstances and facts, to the extent that they are known to me, and
of this feeling that I ventured to make this final appeal to the German
Government. I need not elaborate the numerous detailed statements
intended to support my appeal.
  The Ambassador said that he is thoroughly familiar with the case;
that it had been up before he left the Foreign Office recently to come
to Washington. He said that Hirsch is a very intelligent person; that
he deliberately associated himself with an organization in Prague
which had for its purpose the destruction of the German Government
from beyond the boundaries of the latter; that he deliberately brought
from Prague to Stuttgart a valise filled with dynamite and other ex-
plosives; that he had freely admitted his purpose was to use these
explosives in blowing up government buildings and injuring govern-
ment officials; that he was given a fair trial by a thoroughly competent
and properly conducted court; that to this date he has admitted his
guilt on all occasions; that the law he violated prescribes the offense
of treason and makes it a capital offense; and that he, the Ambassador,
sees no reasonable occasion or opportunity for further favorable action
by the German Government; that if anything at all could be done it
would be more effectively come through contacts with the German
Government by the United States Embassy at Berlin.
  The Ambassador then reverted to the recent case of the American
communist Simpson, who was pardoned upon the- request of this
Government, and who since has been busy traveling over this country
denouncing the German Government; that, therefore, it is more cal-
culated to hurt than to help relations between the two countries for
deliberate criminals to be pardoned and set free. He also referred
to the Hauptmann case, in which the latter, a German citizen, was
tried in our courts and executed without complaint by the German
Government. I offered some comment to the effect that the cases and
the situations were very different and that, of course, whatever could
and should properly be done in the instant case should be governed
solely by the facts and circumstances of this case alone. It is due the
Ambassador to say that he cited these cases in reply to some remark
of mine to the effect that world conditions and relations are very
unsettled and peoples are on tenterhooks in many respects, so that it
would not in the least contribute to the improvement of these rela-
tionships among nations to have a secret trial and conviction and
execution without the other government interested being given a
chance at least to become familiar with the entire record.
                                               C[ORDELL] l[mLL]

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