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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States diplomatic papers, 1937. The British Commonwealth, Europe, Near East and Africa

Germany,   pp. 319-405 PDF (32.6 MB)

Page 385

Dr. Dodd had said. These are' the principal points he made. It is
possible that I proceeded to talk before he had reached a stage of
asking for apologies and regrets, although I cannot say whether this
was in his mind. I proceeded to say that, of course, regardless of
what might be thought of various forms of government, including
this government, we do have under our Constitution and Bill of
Rights freedom of speech, from the results of which there is no re-
course except under the law of libel and slander, which includes crim-
inal liability; that we who' are engaged in the public service in this
country'are subjected to what we often consider 'the most outrageous
criticisms and insults; that of course the Ambassador knows Dr. Dodd
and is acquainted with his ideas and his disposition to givte expres-
sion to them wherever he goes; that I have very little personal or
official influence with Dr. Dodd so far as I was aware, although this
latter phase was neither here nor there and was not intended to be a
governing or material phase of what I was saying. I then stated that
Dr. Dodd, having recently resigned as Ambassador and now being
a private' citizen, does not in his utterances represent the views of
this- Government. I then inquired of the Ambassador as to how many
men Charles II killed. The Ambassador replied that he did not re-
call. In fact, neither of us did at the moment. We were not certain
that Charles II was especially notorious in this regard.
  The Ambassador brought up some phase of the controversy between
dictatorship and -democracies and indicated his displeasure at the
way this debate was being carried on. I said to him that naturally
and inevitably the one supreme issue or question is whether the prin-
ciples which underlie the structure of international law and order
shall be preserved or whether the doctrine of force and militarism
and aggression and the destruction of all international law and order
should prevail; that in support of the first proposal each of the sixty-
five nations alike can, with perfect consistency, join in, no matter
what their form of government might happen to be. I said this pro-
gram contemplates that the road to permanent peace is based upon
these principles which in turn rest upon the solid foundation of eco-
ntomic restoration.
                                               C [ORDELL] H [AL]
  [With reference to this conversation, in reply to a question at the
press conference on January 14, 1938, the Secretary stated again that
Mr. Dodd was a private citizen and that his remarks did not represent
the views of the Government.]

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