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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States diplomatic papers, 1937. The British Commonwealth, Europe, Near East and Africa

Germany,   pp. 319-405 PDF (32.6 MB)

Page 320

Jews present had been taken up, the assembly consisting of some 200
persons was permitted to disperse in groups of 20, this procedure evi-
dently being enforced with the idea of avoiding undue excitement or
disturbance on the street. In Berlin the action of the police was
carried out in orderly and courteous fashion in contrast it is under-
stood to unpleasant experiences suffered by officers and members of the
lodge in some of the provincial towns.
  No formal charge appears to have been made against the Society but
according to one Jewish authority the police gave the impression of
being interested in uncovering possible infractions of the foreign
exchange laws. This same authority stated that the funds confiscated
in Berlin amounted in all to about RM 400,000. Unless some of this
money is released in the near future it is foreseen that considerable
hardship may be caused among the poorer members of the Jewish
community as the Society has been active in promoting charity and
welfare work.
  It is now learned that the general ban upon meetings of Jews men-
tioned in the Embassy's despatch referred to above, has been extended
to apply to the foreign language courses attended by Jews who are
anticipating emigrating from Germany. The so-called Umwchulung
training designed to fit Jews for agricultural avocations, principally
in Palestine, has already been progressively restricted as the prospects
for migration to that country have declined.
  Incidentally the repressive measures of the Nazi authorities in
what would appear to be their other favorite field of activity, namely,
among the Catholic clergy, are being intensified. In addition to the
high treason trial of the Rhineland youth leaders against whom the
public prosecutor has demanded sentences varying from 15 to 5 years
penal servitude (see Embassy's despatch under reference), the State
is apparently considering reopening the long series of foreign ex-
change and immorality cases against members of the Catholic orders.
The Berliner Tageblatt of April 25 reports the conviction of two
priests in provincial towns on homosexual charges.
  Respectfully yours,                           WILLIAM E. DODD
862.4016/1664: Telegram
  The Ambassador in Germany (Dodd) to the Secretary of State
                                  BERLIN, April 29, 1937-10 a. m.
                                            [Received 10: 30 a. m.]
  90. Department's 39, April 26, 7 p. m., Embassy's despatch 3419
of April 16, section 7.5 According to supplementary details now
' Latter not printed.

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