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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States diplomatic papers, 1937. The British Commonwealth, Europe, Near East and Africa

Australia,   pp. 136-159 PDF (9.0 MB)

Page 141

tive of what develops in London within the next few weeks, as we do
not feel that he has become thoroughly aware of the intensity and per-
sistence of the feeling which the policies of his Government have
aroused in United States Government circles.
033.4711 Lyons, J. A/38: Telegram
The Ambassador in the United Kingdom (Bingham) to the Secretary
                            of State
                                   LoNDON, June 4, 1937-4 p. m.
                                   [Received June 4-1: 35 p. m.]
  348. I saw Lyons and conveyed to him the purport of the Depart-
ment's message No. 213, June 1, 6 p. m. He asked me to express his
gratitude and to say that he had hoped to return via the United States
and to have an opportunity to see the President and the Secretary.
However, he is confronted with an election within the next few weeks
and he said that he was convinced since the opposition was violently
isolationist that any appearance of yielding ground or approaching
any measure of compromise for a trade agreement at this time would
be fatal to him and his party. In the absence of giving the opposition
a club of this kind he felt that he would win and that he would then
be in a position to resume conversations and to renew consideration of
the subjects involved with the hope of arriving at an agreement.
  He said that the British Government understood his position ex-
.actly and would seek to prevent giving any ammunition to the oppo-
sition. In addition he said that by going the other way, he would
enter western Australia, which would give him an opportunity to
campaign there, which on account of the distance it would be difficult
for him to do if he entered Australia via the United States. He said,
however, he would like very much for Casey, the Australian Treas-
urer, to return via the United States and to have the opportunity to
see the President and the Secretary.
  Apart from his coming election his main concern is to secure sup-
port for his Government to a non-aggression pact in the Pacific. I
assured him that in my opinion it would be impossible to secure any
form of agreement which would bind our Government in any way
whatever looking towards the protection of Australia from attack by
Japan. He assured me he had nothing of this sort in his mind and
hlad not meant to intimate any such proposal but he insisted that it
was his hope that a non-aggression pact in the Pacific might be made
between Great Britain, the self-governing Dominions and Japan,
which would have at least the blessing of the United States Govern-
nient. He told me he had discussed this subject with the Chinese Am-

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