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United States Department of State / Papers relating to the foreign relations of the United States, Japan: 1931-1941
(1931-1941)

Bombings of civilians by the Japanese and other acts endangering the life and welfare of American citizens in China,   pp. [485]-726 PDF (90.6 MB)


Page 705


BOMBINGS OF CIVILIANS
  With reference to the incident which is the subject of the present
note, I wish to invite the particular attention of Your Excellency to
the fact that Mr. Rinden and his companion were threatened with
rifles which were pointed at them, and were kept in custody by Japa-
nese soldiers, and that the Japanese soldiers did not withdraw until
the arrival of the French authorities, despite the fact that Mr. Rinden
identified himself as an American Vice Consul to a Japanese officer
who spoke and understood English.
  My Government emphatically protests this unwarranted and illegal
action by Japanese soldiers in taking into custody an official of the
United States, who in connection with his official duties was engaged
upon legitimate activities, and his companion who was also an Amer-
ican citizen.
  I avail myself [etc.]                           JOSEPH C. GREW
494.11 China National Aviation Corporation/20
    The Japanese Minister for Foreign Affairs (Matsuooka) to the
              American Amndassador in Japan (Grew)
                           [Translation]
No. 193, American I                      TOKYO, December 18, 1940.
  EXCELLENCY: I have the honor to state that I have carefully perused
the contents of the statement handed by Mr. Crocker, Secretary of the
Embassy, to Mr. Terasaki, Director of the Bureau,85a and Your Excel-
lency's notes Nos. 1678, November 8, 1940, and 1684, November 14, 1940,
stating that a commercial passenger plane belonging to the Chinese
National Aviation Corporation was burned by an attack from Japa-
nese planes during the afternoon of October 29, 1940, at Chanyi, Yun-
nan Province, and that an American aviator and others aboard were
either killed or injured. As a result of an investigation, the actual
circumstances of this case were found to be as follows:
  Since the time air forces of the Japanese Army began making at-
tacks in Kwangsi, Kweichow and Yunnan Provinces, military trails-
port planes of the Chiang Kai-shek army have been passing frequently
over the districts of Chaotung, Kunming, Chanyi, Chihchiang and
Kweilin. Having discovered that six enemy military planes were
lying in wait in the Kunming district, five planes of the Japanese naval
air forces took off toward that district in the afternoon of October 29,
1940, in order to capture and destroy those planes. Enemy planes,
however, were not seen at Kunming. But, when Japanese planes ar-
rived over Chaotung, they perceived two enemy fighting planes landed
at the enemy's military air-port at that place. Accordingly, Japanese
planes immediately fired at the enemy planes setting them on fire.
35a Not printed.
705


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