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United States Department of State / Papers relating to the foreign relations of the United States, 1920
(1920)

Guatemala,   pp. 718-759 PDF (13.5 MB)


Page 719

GUATEMALA
814.00/329: Telegram
The Charge in Guatemala (Scotten) to the Secretary of State
GUATEMALA, January [6], 1920-10 a.m.
[Received January 7-12: 15 a.m.]
2. My 1, January 3, 5 [4] p.m. Two leaders of new party called
at Legation today and informed me that police and soldiers had
broken into their printing establishment last night and carried to
headquarters of secret police all the presses, etc., for which reason
they are unable to publish their newspaper. These men further
gave me the names of two Army officers whom they claim have been
instructed by the President to leave tomorrow for a place near Mex-
ican frontier in order to start a commotion [which?] the President
will blame on new party in order to have excuse to place leaders
in jail. Both men swear that new party will have absolutely no
part in this commotion and that their party's only wish is to carry
on their political propaganda in strict compliance with laws. Brit-
ish Charge d'Affaires confirms Legation's report in above mentioned
telegram that signers of pamphlet referred to are practically all
men of highest type in Guatemala.
SCOTTEN
814.00/338: Telegram
The Minister in Guatemala (McMillin) to the Secretary of State
GUATEMALA, January 24, 1920-C p.m.
[Received January 26-12:09 p.m.]
19. Five of the most prominent men Unionist party including
Doctor Bianchi leader arrested this afternoon. Situation tense.
MCMn.UN
814.00/339: Telegram
The Minister in Guatemala (MeMillin) to the Secretary of State
GUATEMALA, January 26, 1920-10 a.mn.
[Received January 28-12: 01 a.m.]
20. Legation's 19 January 24. In spite of arrests (above men-
tioned telegram) Unionista Party held meeting yesterday with
large attendance and no interference. Movement spread over very
rapidly and in case of harsh measures by Government belief is gen-
eral that trouble will ensue. . ..
In case of riots numerous American interests here will be en-
dangered and therefore I earnestly recommend Navy Department
719


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