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United States Department of State / Papers relating to the foreign relations of the United States, 1920

Greece,   pp. 705-717 PDF (4.3 MB)

Page 713

In the circumstances, therefore, the Government of the United
States has no other course to pursue than to regard the Greek note
received March 1, 1919, as notice given in accordance with Article
XVII of the treaty of December 10/22, 1837, for the definite termi-
nation of that treaty on March 1, 1920, without temporary renewals
from time to time by the High Contracting Parties. The United,
States, however, will be pleased to entertain any further proposal
which the Greek Government may wish to present regarding the
continuance of the treaty mentioned until the conclusion of a new
convention on commerce and navigation.
Accept [etc.]                           WILLIAM PHILLIPS
The Secretary of State to the Greek Charge (T-samados)
WASHINGTON, October 28, 1919.
SIm: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your note
of October 14th,4 in which, referring to the Department's note of
March 25, 1919, in reply to your note transmitting the Greek Gov--
ernment's denunciation as of March 1, 1919, of the Treaty of Com-
merce and Navigation concluded on December 10/22, 1837, you state
that, in the event of no new treaty being concluded before March
1, 1920, the Royal Government of Greece offers to extend the 1837
treaty until December 31, 1920.
In reply, I have the honor to state that the extension of the
treaty, at this time, until December 31, 1920, as suggested, would,
in effect, be a modification of Article XVII which provides that
the treaty may be terminated after its original term, upon the
expiration of twelve months following notice given by either party
at any time. In view of the form of constitutional government-
obtaining in this country the Government of the United States is-
unable, by Executive action alone, to agree to an amendment of a
treaty provision and can not, therefore, so agree to the extension
of the treaty in a manner, or for a period, other than contemplated.
by Article XVII.
In the circumstances, however, the Government of the United
States suggests that the Greek Government may possibly desire to
withdraw its notice of denunciation, so that the treaty shall remain
in force until twelve months after a new notice is given by either
party, in accordance with its provisions, or unless and until its
provisions be modified by any treaty that may hereafter be negoti-
ated between the two Governments. It would appear that by a
4 Not printed.

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