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United States Department of State / Papers relating to the foreign relations of the United States, 1919
(1919)

Turkey,   pp. 810-889 PDF (28.6 MB)


Page 889

as they actually are in the Ottoman Empire before permitting the
arbitrary disposal of the peoples and territories of the Ottoman
Empire by a treaty of peace.
In the name of the National Congress of Sivas:
PRESIDENT MOUJSTAPHA KEMAL PASHA
VICE PRESIDENT HussIEN RAouF
2ND'VICE PRESIDENT TAMAILFAZIL PASHA
(Gernercal en Retraite)
SECRETARY EMIR ISMAIL HAMEY
SECRETARY M. CHUKRI
SIVAS, TURKEY, Septemb er 9, 1919.
860j.01/158: Telegram
The High Commissioner at Constantinople (Bristol) to the Secretary
of State 38
CONSTANTINOPLE, December 4, 1919, noon.
[Received December 6, 1.41 a.m.]
101. There have been no massacres in Caucasus since last June
when about 600 Armenians were [massacred] near Shusha, and July
when estimated 5,000 Armenians massacred Nakhichevan. Usually
Armenians gave provocation. Shusha massacre was reprisal for
attack by Armenians upon Tartar shepherds near Gerusi. Nakhi-
chevan massacre was reprisal for expulsion of Tartars from district
40 miles back from railway. Zangazour district also very much
aggravated by British policy first placing this district, February
1919, under Azerbaijan and later, just about the time British began
evacuation, her policy was changed and local Armenian council was
permitted by govern Zangazour and final evacuation left this question
unsettled. It looks now as if attack on Armenia and [by?] Azerbai-
jan had for object forcing Armenia into agreement with Georgia
and Azerbaijan against Denikin especially as this has been desired
for a long time. This seems most probable from Colonel Rhea hav-
ing requested Peace Conference to define boundary Denikin activities
so as to protect Caucasus. This may be secret presented [sought
to be effected?] through state agreement in Caucasus. Greeks have
mission in Caucasus which is having personnel increased. After
personal conference here with Haskell we have arranged close liaison
for keeping each other fully informed thereby assisting each other as
much as possible.
BRISTOL
83Forwarded by the Embassy in France as No. 1687.
889
TURKEY


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