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United States Department of State / Papers relating to the foreign relations of the United States, 1919

Turkey,   pp. 810-889 PDF (28.6 MB)

Page 883

unfortunate refugees having escaped death and whose condition is
lamentable. What adds to their effervescence is the gun fire practise
of the Armenians within our border. But our organization has
succeeded in appeasing them and all likelihood of violent reaction on
their part has been averted.
Refraining from going to the assistance of the unfortunate Musul-
man population in Armenia and from collaborating with the
Musulmans of Azerbaijan, we consider it indispensable to confine our
action and aims to the task of ensuring the future existence and
welfare of the Fatherland and Nation, within the borders already
defined. We are, in effect, convinced that Fouranism [Turanianism]
is a mischievous conception. We consider that, by dispersing our imia-
terial and moral forces in the pursuit of chimeras a long distance
from our frontiers, we will only weaken the strength we require for
defending the seat of the Throne and Caliphate which is the heart of
our Fatherland and the knot of our existence.
Quite recent events, unfolding themselves under our very eyes, have
taught us to remain faithful to moderate conceptions. For instance;
during the general war which has not yet ended in peace, the man at
the head of our government employed the Ottoman forces to attain
such ends as the conquest of Caucasia, the strengthening of the
Azerbaijan government and the recovery of Egypt. As a result of
this policy the very source of life in our real Fatherland, the pop-
ulation has diminished considerably. Many fertile and otherwise
valuable lands have been wrested from us and even within the fron-
tiers we have assigned to ourselves as our last future, our Capital, as
well as such peerless sections of our country as Smyrna, Adalia and
Adana are under foreign military occupation. Whereas, if we had
not entered the war, or at least, if having entered it, we had wisely
employed our forces with a view to defending our territory within its
existing borders, instead of wasting them in ambitious enterprizes,
our situation, though perhaps still that of a vanquished people,
would be different from what it is.
In any case the spreading of the preposterous report that Fouran-
ism [Turaniandsmn] forms part of our aims and action is but another
instance of the calumnies in which the English indulge at our expense.
With a view to distorting the true, that is the purely national
character of our movement, the English have also thrown into cir-
culation reports to the effect that we have obtained money now from
the Germans or bolshevists, now from the foreign Musulmans or

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