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United States Department of State / Papers relating to the foreign relations of the United States, 1919

Turkey,   pp. 810-889 PDF (28.6 MB)

Page 882

the advice given to both sides by the national organization and
without recourse having been had to measures of force. Today
perfect tranquility reigns in this region as in the other parts of the
We entertain no unfriendly dispositions toward the Armenian
Republic of which Erivan is the center. For the present the League
has no relations with this State and is not interested in it. Our
knowledge concerning it is derived from rumours and indirect in-
formation. We know, however, so much to be a fact that the Ar-
menians in the new State are carrying on operations in view of
exterminating the Musulman element in obedience to orders from
the Armenian corps commander. We have had copies of their orders
under our eyes. That the Armenians of Erivan are following a
policy of extermination against the Musulmans and this wave of
sanguinary savagery has spread right up to our frontier is also
established by the fact of the presence within our borders of numer-
ous Musulmans fleeing from death on the other side. The govern-
ment of Erivan has, on the other hand, resorted to direct acts of
provocation such as the practise of gun fire this side of the border.
Although [all through?] the course of these events the English en-
couraged on the one hand the Armenians in the attitude adopted by
them against the Musulmans or even stirred them up to it and, on the
other hand, enumerating to us the outrages of the former and describ-
ing them as unbearable, they urged us to retaliate by attacking the
neighboring State. But we, putting up with the Armenian provoca-
tions turned a deaf ear to the indignations of the English, feeling sure
that the truth would make itself known soon enough. As a matter of
fact we thought we could detect in the attitude of the English trying
to launch us upon an attack against Armenia, the plan of creating a
situation of which they would avail themselves to despatch their own
troops into that country. All these maneuvers of the English were
started by their officers and representatives after they saw them-
selves obliged to evacuate Caucasia.
We hear that conflicts are taking place between the Azerbaijanese
Und the Erivan Armenians. We presume that the reason for this is
the refusal of the Armenians to join the alliance concluded between
the Azerbaijanese and the Georgians against England's prot6ge,
Denikin, who is trying to push southward.
It is quite natural that the Musulmans of Erzeroum and Van, and
more particularly those among them living in the border regions
should have reached a high state of excitement as a result of the news
reaching them daily of the massacres in Armenia and the sight of the

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