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United States Department of State / Papers relating to the foreign relations of the United States, 1919
(1919)

Turkey,   pp. 810-889 PDF (28.6 MB)


Page 879

V
It is to be deplored that whereas the nature of our aims was to
be gathered from our explanations as well as from our acts, a num-
ber of evil-minded and malevolent individuals, starting a campaign
of misrepresentation and false rumours, sought to attribute to our
intentions forms which never crossed our minds and had no con-
nection whatever with truth. In this respect, those who went
furthest are the English and the Ferid Pasha Cabinet which, as
already stated, is but a tool in their hands.
Ferid Pasha and his colleagues are convinced that they could
not enjoy any authority whatsoever if the administration was run
on constitutional and liberal lines and rested on the national forces.
That is why, the nation, having given proof of its maturity and
shown its general capability as well as its consciousness of its civil
and natural rights, the only concern of this Cabinet is to crush
the national organization and its action. In this campaign one of
its weapons is the fear of the unionists, those unionists who gained
such unenviable notoriety the world over by their misrule lasting
several years to the great detriment of the nation and by their last
crime which was to plunge the country into an abyss from which
it is experiencing such difficulty in extricating itself. Speculating
on tbis fear the present Cabinet is fatuously seeking to discredit our
action which is free from every kind of self-seeking ambition and
is pursuing thoroughly national aims by representing these as being
connected with unionism. Another weapon to which the Cabinet
clings is the fear of bolshevism. In the official communications
they are striving to get through to the provincial governors, they
are not ashamed to assert that the Bolshevists have entered Anatolia
and that all our activities are inspired by them.
As a matter of fact we realize and estimate the painful conse-
quences to which unionism has led the Nation much better than Ferid
Pasha and his likes. Our object, so far from being to deal the last
blow to the existence of our fatherland and Nation by launching
upon adventures, is to proceed with the greatest discrimination and
forethought and to find the means for ensuring their survival and
welfare. Consequently there can be no relationship between us and
the unionists.
As to the bolshevists: there is no room whatever in our country
for this doctrine, our religion and customs as well as our social organ-
ization being entirely unfavorable to its implantation. In Turkey
there are neither great capitalists nor millions of artisans and work-
ingmen. On the other hand, we are not saddled with an agrarian
question. Finally, from the social point of view our religious prin-
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