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Foreign Relations of the United States

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United States Department of State / Papers relating to the foreign relations of the United States, 1919
(1919)

Turkey,   pp. 810-889 PDF (28.6 MB)


Page 866

FOREIGN RELATIONS, 1919, VOLUME II
The character of the troops should be suited to the purpose for
which used. For expeditionary purposes marines or infantry with
artillery would be best. For moral effect in the interior and during
the period of constabulary organization cavalry would be preferable.
A small efficient air service should be maintained. The aeroplane is
not only a means of very rapid communication, but its value for deal-
ing with a distant small problem among half-wild tribes cannot be
overestimated. The country much resembles Mexico and the con-
ditions would be not unlike our border cavalry service. A regiment
of railway engineers would be a necessity. During the initial period
of the mandatory troops would be needed in connection with the
general problem of sanitation and cleaning up and an extra propor-
tion of sanitary troops would be necessary.
Estimates of the necessary number of mandatory troops vary
greatly,-from twenty-five thousand to two hundred thousand. Con-
ditions change so rapidly that plans made today for the use of troops
might be obsolete in six months. . . . Uncertainty as to the time the
mandate will be tendered and accepted make estimates merely ap-
proximate. Under conditions as they exist today the undersigned
believes that a force of two American divisions, with several hundred
extra officers, or a total force of fifty-nine thousand would be ample.
Such force would be specially organized; one aeroplane squadron, a
minimum of artillery; not to exceed one regiment of seventy-five's
motorized; a minimum of the special services; four times the usual
number of sanitary troops; four regiments of cavalry, with minor
changes in organization at the discretion of the senior general officer
on duty with the mandatory government. This force should be sub-
stantially reduced at the end of two years, and by fifty percent at
the end of the third year. After that some further reduction could
be slowly effected, but the irreducible minimum would be reached at
about the strength of one division.
The annual cost for the force of the army above stated would be
at the maximum;
For the first year- -__--__________-__-_____$88, 500, 000
At the end of two years perhaps   - - _   59, 000, 000
At the end of three years- -_____-___-_-_ 44 250, 000
with thereafter a continuing appropriation of that sum less such
amount as the local revenues could afford, probably a very substan-
tial fraction of the cost.
To offset our expenditures there would be available at least a part
of the naval and military budget hitherto used for the support of the
disbanded armies in the region. In Turkey before the war this
totaled about $61,000,000 annually for the army including $5,000,000
for the navy.
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