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United States Department of State / Papers relating to the foreign relations of the United States, 1919

Turkey,   pp. 810-889 PDF (28.6 MB)

Page 812

123R19/138: Telegram
The Acting Secretary of State to the Commissioner at Constantinople
WASHINGTON, May 3, 1919, noon.
90. Heck's 136 April 3, noon and 140 April 5, 3 p.m. also un-
signed telegram 154 April 15, 4 p.m. presumably from you.2 You
will assume title of American Commissioner at Constantinople and
perform official duties performed by Heck, besides yours as enu-
merated in previous instructions. This instruction is given in order
to avoid creation of impression that this Government has changed
its policy in Near East by not sending a Commissioner to Con-
stantinople to succeed Heck, and also to improve your position with
relation to Allied representatives and Americans in that country.
You will follow instructions sent to Heck in my No. 2 January 21,
7 p.m. You may if you deem it advisable use Chesbrough to assist
you in your duties of a political character.
You will bear in mind that the rupture of diplomatic relations
between the Turkish Government and the United States still con-
tinues, and that you are not a diplomatic officer accredited to Turkey.
You will therefore avoid all acts which may convey the idea that
your presence or that of other American officials in Turkey means
a resumption of diplomatic relations.
Department approves of your suggestions concerning Morris,
Allen and Young, but considers it preferable that for the present
Heizer remain at Bagdad.
123B773/lb: Telegram
The Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate Peace
WASHINGTON, August 12, 1919, 8 p.m.
2809. The President has decided to appoint Admiral Bristol High
Commissioner at Constantinople. Any instructions sent to him from
Washington will be communicated through the Navy Department.
Any instructions sent to him from the American Mission should be
sent through Admiral Knapp. It is the understanding with the
Navy Department that he will be immediately under the direction
of the Department of State in all matters political, but it will be
necessary for the Navy to know what instructions may be sent him
in order that they will not be inconsistent with any instructions
Navy might send him. I am instructing the American Commissioner
at Constantinople to report to Admiral Bristol and to consider him-
2None printed.

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