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United States Department of State / Papers relating to the foreign relations of the United States, 1919
(1919)

Egypt,   pp. 201-209 PDF (3.0 MB)


Page 206

FOREIGN RELATIONS, 1919, VOLUME II
883.00/234
The Agent and Consul General at Cairo (Gary) to the Secretary of
State
No. 655                       CAIo, November 24, 1919.
[Received December 29.]
Sm: Referring to my telegram No. 567 of August 31 [30], 11 p.m.,
and the Department's telegraphic reply thereto of September 4,
9 a.m., I have the honor to enclose for the Department's full informa-
tion and as a matter of record, copies of translations of editorial
comments appearing in the more important Cairo Arabic news-
papers,5 relative to the action of this Agency in officially denying
the accuracy of Saad Zaghloul Pasha's telegram announcing the
recognition of Egyptian independence by the Committee for Foreign
Affairs of the United States Senate.
It will be recalled that upon receipt of the Department's cable
instructions referred to above, which authorized this Agency to deny
the accuracy of the statement contained in the Zaghloul telegram,
I delivered to the local press on September 6th a communique which
appeared the next day in the following form:
" We are officially informed by the American Diplomatic Agency
that the statement to the effect that the Committee on Foreign
Affairs of the American Senate has decided that Egypt politically
is neither under Turkish authority nor Great Britain but is self-
governed, is erroneous."
Although, as will be seen from the enclosures to this despatch,"
it was subjected to sharp criticism in the native press on the score
of its inadequacy, and its failure to indicate the nature of the error
committed, (an inevitable omission, since I could not allow it to
embody more than the substance of the Department's own Instruc-
tion), it was of striking utility in calming down the local situation
and exerted a most sobering influence upon the native population,
buoyed up by false hopes of American support. The promptness
with which this dqnenti was issued, and its decided tone, served, I
am convinced, in great measure to discourage any further attempts at
misrepresentation of the attitude of the United States by Nationalist
agents in Paris and London with a view to exciting Egyptian public
opinion.
I regret that I am obliged to transmit this material at so late a date,
when the question at issue has been superseded in the public mind by
others of greater moment, and no longer can be regarded as possessing
any distinct bearing upon the existing situation.
I am confident, however, that the Department fully realizes under
how great a handicap the work of this office is being conducted,
'Enclosures not printed.
206


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