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United States Department of State / Papers relating to the foreign relations of the United States, with the annual message of the president transmitted to Congress December 2, 1902

Belgium,   pp. 73-100 PDF (2.0 MB)

Page 81

F H 1902, PT 1—6 BELGIUM. 81 
of Spain, and, in his name, Her Majesty the Queen Regent of the Kingdom;
the President of the French Republic; His Majesty the King of the United
Kmngdomn of Great Britain and Ireland and the British Possessions beyond
the seas, Emperor of India; II is Majesty the King of Italy; Her Majesty
the Queen of the Netherlands; His Majesty the King of Sweden and Norway,
 Desiring, on one hand, to equalize the conditions of competition between
beet and cane sugars from different sources, and, on the other hand, to promote
the development of the consumption of sugar; 
 Considering that this double result can only be attained by the suppression
of bounties as well as by limiting the surtax; 
 Have resolved to conclude a convention to this end; and have nominated their
plenipotentiaries as follows, to wit: 
 His Majesty the Emperor of Germany, King of Prussia, iii the name of the
German Empire: Count de Wallwitz, his envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary
to His Majesty the King of the Belgians, etc. 
 The high contracting parties bind themselves, from the date the present
convention comes into force, to suppress the direct and indirect bounties
by which the production or export of sugar may benefit, and they agree not
to establish bounties of this kind during the whole duration of the said
convention. In view of the execution of this provision, sweetmeats, chocolates,
biscuits, condensed milk, and all other analogous products which contain
in a notable proportion sugar artificially incorporated, are to be classed
as sugar. 
 The above paragraph applies to all advantages resulting directly or indirectly,
for the different categories of producers, from the fiscal legislation of
the States, notably: 
 (a) The direct bounties granted to exports. 
 (b) The direct bounties granted to production. 
 (c) The total or partial exemptions from taxation granted for a part of
the manufactured output. 
 (d) The profits derived from surplusages of output. 
 (e) The profits derived from the exaggeration of the drawback. 
 (f) The advantages derived from any surtax in excess of the rate fixed by
article 3. 
 The high contracting parties bind themselves to submit to bond régime
the sugar factories and refineries, as well as those factories in which sugar
is extracted from the molasses, in order that they shall be under the permanent
surveillance, day and night, of the customs employees. 
 With this object, factories will be arranged in such way as to prevent the
taking away of sugar clandestinely, and the customs employees will have the
right to enter every department of the factories. 
 Books of control in regard to any or several phases of production will be
kept and tha manufactured sugars will be deposited in such special buildings
as will afford every desirable guaranty of security. 
 The high contracting parties bind themselves to limit the surtax to a maximum
of 6 francs per 100 kilograms for the refined sugar and the sugars assimilable
thereto, and 5.50 francs forother sugars; that is to say, the difference
between the rate of duty or taxation to which foreign sugars are subjected
and that imposed on the home product. 
 This provision is not to be applied to the rates of import duties in the
case of countries that do not produce sugar, nor to the by-products of the
manufacturing or refining of sugar. 
 The high contracting parties bind themselves to impose a special duty on
imports into their respective territories, of sugars fromim countries that
grant bounties for production or export. 
 This (luty shall riot be less than the amount of the bounties, direct or
indirect, granted in the country of origin. The high parties reserve to themselves
the privilege, each as it may affect its own interests, to prohibit the importation
of bounty-fed sugars. 

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