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United States Department of State / Index to the executive documents of the House of Representatives for the second session of the fiftieth Congress, 1888-'90
(1888-1889)

Hawaii,   pp. 832-875 ff. PDF (19.9 MB)


Page 836


836                         FOREIGN    RELATIONS.
   One of the principal points of interest in the speech and reply is the
reference to a renewal of the treaty of reciprocity with the United States,
which has been received throughout the community with very much
favor.
   Relative to the extension of the treaty I inclose a copy of an editorial
article entitled "The Legislation," published on the 4th instant,
in the
Daily Hawaiian Gazette.
   The legislature organized promptly by the election of Hon. Samuel
G. Wilder, of Honolulu, as presiding officer, and the usual complement
of officers.
   it is generally believed that the legislature is composed of members
disposed to transact business promptly, and, if possible, avoid a pro-
tracted session.
       I have, etc.,
                                                      GEO. W. MERRILL.
                               fInclosure 1 in No. 153.]
2Noble8 and representatives:
  You have been called together in extraordinary session at the earliest
pracficable
moment after your election under the new constitution, in order that you
may revise
and amend certain acts which have been found to be inoperative, unconstitutional,
or
conflicting in their terms. Amongst these are the opium bill and the act
to organize
the military forces of the Kingdom; also the law relating to notaries public
and that
relating to corporations.
  Another reason is that you may consider the advisability of changing the
method
of administration of certain departments of the public service which do not
now secure
to the country the efficiency which is desirable.
  The circumstances connected with the negotiation of the loan in London,
which
seems not to have been effected strictly in accordance with the loan act
of 1886, will
probably also necessitate some amendments thereto. A somewhat different distribu-
tion of the amounts appropriated for the objects named in that act may also
be nec-
essary, some of them being insufficient, whilst others are larger than required.
  I also commend to your consideration the revision of the law regulating
the police
department in such a manner as to insure more efficient results and a more
responsi-
ble administration.
  My ministers will also propose to you some amendments to the appropriation
bill
of 1886, which seems to have been-drawn up without~due regard to the probable
rev-
enue, and you will see the necessity of curtailing salaries and other expenditures
wherever practicable, as well as of abolishing all unnecessary offices, in
order that
the proper relation between the receipts and expenditures of the treasury
may be
preserved.
I take great pleasure in informing you that the treaty of reciprocity with
the
United States of America has been definitely extended for seven years upon
the same
terms as those in the original treaty, with the addition of a clause granting
to national
vessels of the United States the exclusive privilege of entering Pearl River
Harbor
and establishing there a coaling and ropair station. This has been done after
mature
deliberation, and the interchange between my Government and that of the United
States of an interpretation of the said clause whereby it is agreed and understood
that it does not cede any territory, or part with or impair any right of
sovereignty
or jurisdiction on the part of the Hawaiian Kingdom, and that such exclusive
privi-
lege is coterminous with the treaty.
  I regard this as one of the most important events of my reign, and I sincerely
be-
lieve that it will re-establish the commercial progress and prosperity which
began
with the reciprocity treaty.
  Nobles and representatives, I now declare the legislature of the Kingdom
opened.
                             [Inclosure 2 in No. 153.d
                        REPLY TO HIS MAJESTY'S SPEECH.
  Noble Dole, from the special committee of three, presented the following
reply to
His Majesty's speech:                  -
  Your Majesty, sire : We, the nobles and representatives of the Kingdom,
have lis-
tened with pleasure to ti!e sentiments which fell from your Majesty's lips
in the


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