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United States Department of State / Index to the executive documents of the House of Representatives for the second session of the fiftieth Congress, 1888-'90
(1888-1889)

Hawaii,   pp. 832-875 ff. PDF (19.9 MB)


Page 835


                               HAWAII.                           835
you that I am informed that the supplementary convention, as amended
by the Senate, has been ratified by His Majesty the King, and that
Mr. Carter, the Hawaiian minister at Washington, was so advised per
mail by the steamer touching at this port last night en route from Ais-
tralia to San Francisco.
   On learning, through the press of this city, that His Majesty's Gov-
 ernment was disposed to consider favorably the amended supplement-
 ary convention, the British commissioner resident here addressed a
 note to the Hawaiian minister of foreign affairs, and after reciting that
 England and France by-the treaty of November 28, 1843, had guaran-
 tied the independence of Hawaii, he makes the following statement:
 But the acquisition by the United States of a harbor or preferential concession
in
 any part of the Hawaiian Kingdom would, in the opinion of Her Majesty's
Govern-
 ment, infallibly lead to the loss of its independence and the extinction
of the Ha-
 waiian nationality.
 In reply to this note, the Hawaiian minister of foreign affairs stated in
 substance that the United States being a new and friendly power,
 with which this country is necessarily intimately connected coin mer-
 cially, and having granted the original treaty of reciprocity at a loss
to
its revenue to the great advantage of Hawaii, it would seem that, con-
sulting the best interests of the people of Hawaii, and for the purpose
of continuing intimate commercial relations, it was a proper and patri-
otic policy for His Majesty's ministers to advise the ratitication of the
supplementary convention as amended while it (lid not appear that the
autonomy of Hawaii was invaded.
   The British commissioner replied to the minister of foreign affairs, in-
 timating his dissatisfaction and objecting at length to a preferential
 concession to the United States.
   To this last note of the British commissioner the minister of foreign
 affairs will reply the coming week.
   As yet, the commissioner is not aware that His Majesty the King
has ratified the supplementary convention.
   At intervals- during the past few weeks, the Bulletin and Gazette,
daily newspapers published in this city, have been* engaged in a con-
troversy concerning the Senate amendment, coupled with a discussion
of the independence of Hawaii.
       I have etc.,
                                               GEo. W. MERRILL.
                              No. 608.
                     Mr. Merrill to Mr. Bayard.
No. 153.]                 LEGATION OF THE UNITED STATES,
              Honolulu, November 8, 1887. (Received November 25.)
   SIR: I have the honor to inform you that on the 3d instant the
Hawaiian legislature convened in Aliiolani Hall, Honolulu, and was
opened by His Majesty in person.
  On this occasion the King was accompanied by Her Majesty the
Queen, Her Royal Highness Princess Ljiiuokalani, and Her Royal High-
ness PrinceSs Kaiulani.
  I inclose a newspaper account of the opening ceremonies, also a copy
of the speech of His Majesty the King in formally opening the session,
and the reply thereto as reported to and adopted by the legislature.


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