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United States Department of State / Index to the executive documents of the House of Representatives for the second session of the fiftieth Congress, 1888-'90

Hawaii,   pp. 832-875 ff. PDF (19.9 MB)

Page 834

of fealty prescribed by the new constitution of Hawaii remain citizens
of the United States, and are entitled to be regarded and treated as
such by our consular and diplomatic officers.
   That such a result is contemplated by the Hawaiian Government ap-
 pears evident from the last sentence of the oath, which reads:
 Not hereby renouncing, but expressly reserving all allegiance and citizenship
 owing or held by me.
   This Department is informed that this oath is indiscriminately re-
 quired of citizens of other nations, who are nevertheless understood by
 their own governments to retain their own nationality of origin. Inas-
 much also as this oath is a requisite condition for exercising any polit-
 ical privileges on the island, it is evident that a refusal on the part
 this Government of the assent to taking it granted by other gov-
 ments to their citizens would result in- the destruction of any political
 power previously possessed by our citizens and its transfer to citizens
 of other assenting nations.
 The Department, therefore, desires that you will consider the above
 instruction as addressed to yourself, and that you will relieve the minds
 of all bosa fide American citizens who, while honestly desiring tore-
 tain their American nationality, are, in order to obtain the privileges
 necessary for a residence in the islands, obliged under local law to
 take an oath to support the constitution of the Hawaiian Kingdom.
      I am, etc.,
                                                   T. F. BAYARD.
                              No. 606.
                     Mr. Merrill to Mr. Bayard.
No. 148.]              LEGATION OF THE7UNITED STATES,
               Ronolulu, October 15, 1887. (Received November 9.)
  SIR: I have the honor to inclose the report of the inspector-general
of immigration, lately published in the daily papers of Honolulu.
  The inspector-general has visited all the sugar-producing plantations
of this kingdom employing immigrant laborers and has embodied in
his report the number and nationality of the employ6s; also their sani-
tary condition and the preference of each plantation manager for labor-
ers of the several nationalities.
  It will be observed that the total number of immigrant laborers em-
ployed on the several plantations is 13,517, while of the 59 plantations
visited 23 prefer the Japanese and the remaining 36 are about equally
divided in a preference for Portuguese and Chinese.
  My observation coincides with the statement in the report that "the
general impression is there are enough Chinese in the country."
      I have, etc.,
                                              GEO. W. MERRILL.
                              No. 607.
                     Mr. Merrill to Mr. Bayard.
No. 149.]                LEGATION OF THE UNITED STATES,
                Honolulu, October 22, 1887. (Received November 9.)
  SIR: Referring to the supplementary convention mentioned in your
unnumbered dispatch of the 26th ultim1-- have the honor to advise

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