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United States Department of State / Index to the executive documents of the House of Representatives for the second session of the fiftieth Congress, 1888-'90
(1888-1889)

Corea [Korea],   pp. 433-454 PDF (8.9 MB)


Page 434


FOREIGN RELATIONS.
   When Mr. Pak had gone out of the city gate he was met by Chinese
 officers, it is said, and was induced to delay his departure. Heremained
 outside of the walls, I am informed by Coreans, two or three days, when
 he was summoned back by the King, who is extremely anxious to have
 his minister go, and has sent me messages every day that he would send
 him; but he has been led to believe that China will make war on him,
 and he knows that without assistance he could offer but a weak defense.
   On Tuesday, accordingly, I wrote\ a note to Mr. Yuan, in respectful
 terms, expressing my surprise at what I had learned to be his course in
 the matter of the Corean mission to the United States, citing the terms
 of the treaty and the instrumentality of the Viceroy in effecting the
 treaty and his knowledge of its provisions, and asking why he should
 discriminate unfavorably against us as between the United States and
 Japan; that no objection had been urged to a minister going from
 Corea to the latter country.   Inclosed I transmit a copy of my note.
   On my return to the legation from the telegraph office I found an
 official letterin answer, a copy of which is herewith inclosed, setting
forth
 what he understands to be the facts, and denying that-he prevented
 the departure of the minister, but setting up the claim of the suzerainty
 of China and the necessity of her consent before Corea may send mis-
 sions abroad.
       I have,. etc.,
                                                 llUoGa A. DnNsmoR'E.
                        [Inclosure 1 in No. 53.-Translation.]
                 Mr. Yuan Si, Kwai to the Corean Government.
  On the 2d of this moon (September 18) 1 received a telegram from Li Hung
Chang
of following contents: "According to general rules of international
relations of Corea,
she has first to consult with me.nI heard lately that Coreaaissendingl ministers
to
foreign countries, and does so without first consulting me. Besides, in foreign
coun-
tries Corea bas no merchants or trade. What necessity is there, then, for
sending
ministers abroad'? It would only overburden you with debt. What affairs have
the
ministers to attend to, and what object have you in view'?
  "Communicate the receipt of this telegram to the Corean Government
and let me
know the result."
  Having received this telegram, it became my duty to inform the Corean Govern-
ment. Send me an answer soon, so that I may send it in due time to the Viceroy.
  I hope you will refrain from carrying out your inclination.
                       [Inclosure 2 in No. 53.--Translation.]
                  31r. Yuan Sii Kwai to the Corean Government.
                                                           SEPTEMBER 23.
  To-day at 9 o'clock I received from his excellency the Viceroy Li Hung
Chang the
following telegram:
  "I have received by telegram, through Tsung-li Yam6n, the following
imperial
order: Corea is sending ministers to western countries. She has certainly
first to
ask our permission, and after getting it, to send them.
  "This would be the way for a dependent State to act.
  "Let the Corean Government know this as soon as possible, so that
it may be able to
act in accord with the imperial order."
  Having received this, I feel it my duty to officially inform the Corean
Government.
Please kindly take notice of this and carrĂ½ out the imperial order.
434


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